法國的The Elysee Palace愛麗舍宮

  The Elysee Palace i

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  The Elysee Palace in France enjoys equal popularity in the world with the Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom, the Kremlin in Russia as well as the White House in the U.S.A. It is the residence of the president of the French Republic and the symbol of the supreme authority in France.

  The Elysee Palace, with an area of 11,000 square meters, is at the eastern end of the Champs Elysee in the bustling city of Paris proper and backed by a large and tranquil garden of more than twenty thousand square meters. Its main building, quite handsome and graceful, is a 2-story classical stone architecture of European style, flanked by two side buildings facing each other and with an extensive rectangular courtyard in the middle. There are altogether 369 halls and rooms of different size.

  The Elysee Palace, built in 1718, has a long history of closing to 300 years to date. This house was at first a private residence of a count named d'Evreau, hence it was called Hotel d' Evreau. It had later gone through many vicissitudes and its owners had been changed for many times, but all the dwellers in it were distinguished personages and high officials. The house was renamed Bonaparte Mansion when it was owned by Louis XV and Louis XVI successively when they acted as emperors. Napoleon I signed his act of abdication here when he had suffered crushing defeat in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Napoleon III moved in the Mansion in 1848 when he was elected president, and the house became a Royal Palace when he proclaimed himself as emperor. The Third French Republic issued a decree in 1873, designating officially the Elysee Palace as the residence of president of the French Republic. Over the hundred odd years since then, almost all the presidents of the French Republic worked and lived there. Starting from 1989, the Elysee Palace is open to the public every year in September on the French Castles Day.

 

  法國的愛麗舍宮

  在世界上與美國的白宮、英國的白金漢宮以及俄羅斯的克里姆林宮同樣聞名遐邇的還有法國的愛麗舍宮。它是法蘭西共和國的總統府,也是法國最高權力的象徵。

  愛麗舍宮位於巴黎香榭麗舍大街的東端,面積1.1萬平方米,地處熱鬧的市中心,背倚一個2萬多平方米的恬靜大花園。它的主樓是一座兩層高的歐洲古典式石建築,典雅莊重,兩翼為對稱的兩座兩層高的石建築,中間是一個寬敞的矩形庭院。宮內共有369間大小不等的廳室。

  愛麗舍宮興建於1718年,迄今已有近300年的歷史。此處原為一位伯爵(名叫戴弗羅)的私人住宅,所以當時稱為戴弗羅公館。後來歷經滄桑,幾易其主,但長期都為達官貴人所享用。路易十五和路易十六都先後入住過,並將此處改名為波旁大廈。1815年拿破崙一世滑鐵盧戰役大敗之後曾在此簽降書遜位。拿破崙三世於1848年當選總統後也曾遷至此處,他稱帝后此處即成為皇家殿堂。法蘭西第三共和國於1873年頒佈法令,正式指定愛麗舍宮為法國總統府。此後的百餘年,歷屆法蘭西共和國的總統幾乎都在此工作和生活。從1989年開始,在每年9月份的法國古堡節,愛麗舍宮便向公眾開放參觀了。

 

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