英語口語8000  7.見面、分手時

●碰到友人

!你好!
Hi! *
Hello隨便,用於比較熟悉的人,男女都可以用。
Hi! (
!)
Hi! (
!你好!)

你好!
Hello. *
一天中常用的寒暄用語。
A)Hello, Mr. Smith. (
史密斯先生,您好!)
B)Oh, hi John. (
嗨,約翰,你好!)
*A
為學生,B為老師。

你好!
Good afternoon. *
下午用寒暄用語。主要用於工作環境中。

晚上好!
Good evening.

你好嗎?
How are you? *
最常用的問候方式。除了有問候對方“你好嗎”的意思外,還含有“午安”在內的意思。
Hi, John! (
!約翰,你好!)
Oh, Mary! How are you? (
噢,瑪麗,你好嗎?)
How are you? (
你好嗎?)
Pretty good. (
非常好。)
How's it going?
How're you doing? *
語氣較隨便。

我很好,謝謝。
Fine, thank you.
I'm fine, thank you.

不怎麼好。
Not so good. *
用於身體狀況不好或是有其他什麼不好的事時。
How are you feeling? (
你的身體怎麼樣?)
Not so good. (
不怎麼好。)
Not so great.
Could be better. *
雖然“有向好的方向發展的餘地”,但給人一種“不怎麼好”的語感。

老樣子。
Nothing much.
Nothing special.

認識您我很高興。
Glad to meet you. *
用於初次見面。
I'm glad to meet you.
Nice to meet you.
It's great meeting you.

出什麼事啦?
What's up?
What's up? (
出什麼事啦?)
Nothing much. (
沒什麼。)
What's new? *
用於強調有無新的變化。
What's happening? *
強調“發生什麼事情了?
How've you been? *
有好長時間沒見的語感。

你的家人怎麼樣?
How's your family?
How's your family? (
你的家人怎麼樣?)
Everyone's fine. (
大家都很好。)

還好吧?
How's everything? *
意為“進行得順利嗎?”。如果在飯館服務員這樣問的話是“飯菜怎麼樣?”的意思。
How's everything? (
怎麼樣,還好吧?)
It's going pretty well. (
一切很順利。)
How's everything? (
還好吧?)
Same as always. (
和平常一樣。)
How's everything going?
How's it going?
How are things?

工作怎麼樣?
How's business?

還可以。
Not bad.

今天怎麼樣?
How did it go today? *
用於會議或聚會等特別場合。
How did it go today? (
今天怎麼樣?)
So-so. (
還湊合吧。)
How was your day?

和往常一樣。
Oh, same as usual.
How was work today? (
今天工作怎麼樣?)
Oh, same as usual. (
和往常一樣。)
Same old, same old. *
俚語
Another day, another dollar.

急著幹什麼去呀?
What's the hurry?
What's the hurry? (
急著幹什麼去呀?)
We're going to be late for the movie. (
我們趕著去看電影呢。)
Why are you in a hurry? (
為什麼那麼著急?)
Why are you hurrying? (
幹嗎那麼著急?)

你去哪兒?
Where are you headed? *head
是動詞,be headed for...表示“向著……前進”。
Where are you going?
Where are you off to?

你幹嗎呢?
What are you doing?
What are you doing? (
你幹嗎呢?)
I'm ironing my shirt. (
我在熨襯衫呢。)

我在想點事兒。
I was just thinking. *just
表示一種“有點”,“不過……”的語感。

我只是發了會兒呆。
I was just daydreaming. *daydream
“沉湎於幻想”。

我只是在消磨時間。
I'm just killing time. *kill time
“消磨時間”、“打發時間”。
I'm just hanging out. *hang out
“什麼都不做,無端地耗費時間”。

你想什麼呢?
What's on your mind?
What's on your mind? (
你想什麼呢?)
I'm worried about my wife. (
我有點擔心我的妻子。)
What are you thinking of?

沒想什麼。/沒什麼。
Nothing.

和往常一樣。
Another day, another dollar.
How was work today? (
今天工作怎麼樣?)
Another day, another dollar. (
和往常一樣。)

你來的正是時候。
You've come just in time.
You've come at the right moment.
You've come at the right time.

原來你在這兒啊!
There you are! *
用於終於找到了要找的人時。
There you are! (
原來你在這兒啊!)
Were you looking for me? (
你找我?)
Gotcha! *
俚語
Here you are.
Found you!

傑夫在嗎?
Is Jeff around?
Is Jeff around? (
傑夫在嗎?)
He was here a few minutes ago. (
幾分鐘前他還在這兒來著。)

你見到斯科特了嗎?
Have you seen Scott?
多用於公司和學校。
Have you seen Scott? (
你見到斯科特嗎?)
No, not today. (
沒有,今天沒看見他。)

我偶然碰到了他。
I ran into him. *run into
“沒想到的,偶然的相遇”。
I bumped into him.

哎,你猜我昨天遇見誰了?
Guess who I bumped into yesterday?
Guess who I bumped into yesterday? (
哎,你猜我昨天遇見誰了?)
Who? (
誰呀?)

我跟他素不相識。
He's a stranger to me. *
表示“以前從沒見過面”。

●好久不見

好久不見。
It's been a long time. *
當別人這麼對自己說時,通常用It sure has.來回答。

好久不見。
It's been so long.
John, is that you? (
你是約翰吧?)
Yeah, it's been so long. (
是我,好久沒見。)

好久沒見了。
Long time no see. *
比較隨便的說法。對方一般回答Yeah, how have you been?/Yeah, too long.
Long time no see. (
好久沒見了。)
Yeah, how have you been? (
是呀,你還好嗎?)
I haven't seen you for a long time.
I haven't seen you for ages.

還好吧?
How have you been?
How have you been? (
還好吧?)
I've been all right. (
嗯,挺好的。)

最近怎麼樣?
How have you been doing? *
詢問對方的身體和近況。
How have you been doing? (
最近怎麼樣?)
I've been alright. (
幹得還不錯。)

忙什麼呢?
What have you been doing? *
用來詢問沒見面的這段時間裡的情況。
What have you been doing? (
忙什麼呢?)
Just working. (
上班唄。)
What have you been doing? (
忙什麼呢?)
Nothing much. (
沒忙什麼。)
What have you been up to?

你去哪兒了?
Where have you been?

很高興又見到你。
I'm glad to see you again. *
回答這句時說So am I. (我也是)see可以用meet代替。去掉again則帶有初次見面的語感。
I'm happy to see you.
Nice to see you.
It's great seeing you again.

你一點兒都沒變。
You haven't changed at all.
You're the same old Bob, aren't you? (
鮑勃,你還是老樣子。)

你沒怎麼變。
You haven't changed much.
You haven't changed much. (
你沒怎麼變。)
Neither have you. (
你也沒變。)

你變樣了。
You've really changed.

你長大了。
You've grown up.
You're all grown up now.
Look how you've grown up. (
看你都長這麼大了!) *多用於爺爺、奶奶見到孫輩時。

你越來越漂亮了。
You've become so beautiful.
You've gotten so pretty.

約翰他好嗎?
Is John okay? *
這種說法帶有約翰有病或受傷的語感。
Is John okay? (
約翰他好嗎?)
He's getting better. (
好多了。)

你看上去不錯。
You look great.
You look great. (
你看上去不錯。)
You look good, too. (
你也一樣。)

你感覺怎麼樣?
How are you feeling?
How are you feeling? (
你感覺怎麼樣?)
I'm feeling great. (
我感覺很好。)

他這些日子過得怎麼樣?
How's he getting along these days?
How's he getting along these days? (
他這些日子過得怎麼樣?)
Good. (
挺好的。)
How's he doing? (
他幹得怎麼樣?)

最近你是不是胖了?
Are you gaining weight?
Are you gaining weight? (
最近你是不是胖了?)
I'm afraid so. (
好像是吧。)
Have you gained weight?
Are you getting fatter? *
不禮貌的說法。
Are you losing weight? (
最近你是不是瘦了?)

●分手時

再見!
Goodbye. *
分手時最常用的寒暄用語。
Goodbye. (
再見!)
Goodbye. Take care! (
再見,保重啊!)

再見!
Bye. *
Goodbye的說法隨便。
Bye for now.
Have a nice day. (
祝你今天愉快!)
See you later. (
以後見!)

回頭見!
See you.
See you later.
See you soon.
See you again.
Catch you later.
See you around. *
用於在同一座樓裡,過會兒還有可能再見面時。

我去了啊。
I'm off now. *off
“去,走開”。
I'm leaving.
See you.

我得告辭了。
I have to go.
I have to go. (
我得告辭了。)
Can't you stay a little longer? (
再呆會兒吧!)

祝你好運!
Good luck! *
在對某人去旅行或去做一件比較難的事情時使用。
Good luck! (
祝你好運!)
Thanks. I need it. (
謝謝,借你吉言。)
I wish you good luck.

祝你愉快!
Have a nice day. *
Goodbye的用法一樣。
Have a nice day! (
祝你愉快!)
Same to you. (
也祝你愉快!)

祝你週末愉快!
Have a nice weekend.

加油啊!祝你好運!
Good luck.
Break a leg. *
原本是對要上臺演出的人說的話。
Go for it. (
走吧!)
Hang in there. (
那,加油吧!)

祝你玩得愉快。
Have fun.
We're going to Hawaii! (
我們要去夏威夷嘍!)
Have fun! (
祝你玩得愉快。)
Have a good time!

就這樣,堅持下去。
Keep it up.
Keep it up! (
就這樣,堅持下去。)
Thanks for the encouragement. (
謝謝你的鼓勵!)

別幹得太猛。
Don't work too hard.
Take care.
Be careful.

旅途愉快!
Have a nice trip. *
對要去旅行的人說的話。
I wish you a pleasant journey.
Have a good vacation. (
祝你假期愉快!)
Bon voyage. *
這是一句法語,現在英文中也用。

那多保重!
Have a good one!

真捨不得走,但是……
I hate to run, but... *
這句是結束談話時的開場白。其語氣為“雖然我不想走,但……”。

認識你我非常高興。
It was nice meeting you. *
只用於與初次見面的人分別時。其他情況下meet換成see
It was nice meeting you. (
認識你我非常高興。)
It was nice meeting you, too. (
我也很高興見到你。)
Nice meeting you.

請代我向約翰問好。
Please say hello to John (for me).

晚安!
Good night.

再來啊!
Come again.
Come again. (
再來啊!)
I will. (
我會來的。)
Please come again. (
請您再來!)
I hope you can come over again. (
希望你能再來。)
I'd be glad to have you over again. (
如果你下次還能來的話我將很高興。)

別忘了給我帶點兒什麼。
Don't forget to bring something back for me.
Don't forget to bring something back for me. (
別忘了給我帶點兒什麼。)
Don't worry, I won't. (
放心吧,忘不了。)

放鬆點兒!
Take it easy. *
“放鬆”、“不要緊張”的語氣。
Take it easy. (
放鬆點兒!)
I can't. I have a test tomorrow. (
不可能,我明天要考試。)

希望不久能再見到你。
I hope to see you again soon.

給我打電話。
Call me later.
Call me later. (
給我打電話。)
Okay, I will. (
嗯,好吧。)

多保重!
Take care. *
“多加小心”的語氣。
See you later. (
再見。)
Take care. (
多保重!)

你自己多保重。
Take care of yourself.
Take care of yourself. (
你自己多保重!)
Don't worry about me. (
別擔心我!)

我還會來的。
I'll be back.
I'll be back. (
我還會來的。)
You'd better. (
一定來啊!)
I'll come back later. (
不久我就會回來的。)
I'll stop by later. (
我會順便來的。)

天不早了。
It's getting late.
It's getting late. (
天不早了。)
Let's go home. (
我們回家吧。)

我得走了。
I've got to go. *
口語用法。
I have to go.
I have to get going.

●暫時無法見面時

我會想你的。
I'll miss you. *miss
“想,想念”。
I'll miss you. (
我會想你的。)
I'll miss you, too. (
我也會想你的。)
I'm gonna miss you. *gonna
going to...的縮略形式,是比較隨便的表達方式。

我真希望能和你在一起。
I wish I could go with you.
I wish I could go with you. (
我真希望能和你在一起。)
So do I. (
我也是。)

請代我向你的家人問好。
Please give my regards to your family.
Please give my regards to your family. (
請代我向你的家人問好。)
I will. They asked me how you were doing. (
我一定帶到。我的家人也問過你的情況。)

你一定回來啊!
You must come back.

有空給我打電話。
Give me a call sometime.
Call me sometime.

我們什麼時候再聚吧。
Let's get together again sometime.
Thank you. I enjoyed it very much. (
謝謝,我真是太高興了。)
Let's get together again sometime. (
我們什麼時候再聚吧。)

請給我寫信。
Please write me (a letter).

我會給你寫信的。
I'll write you (a letter).

讓我們保持聯繫。
Let's keep in touch. *keep in touch with...
“和……保持聯繫”、“保持接觸”。
Let's keep in touch. (
讓我們保持聯繫。)
Will do. (
好的。)
Let's keep in touch with each other. *each other
“互相”。

別忘了寫信。
Don't forget to write.
Don't forget to write. (
別忘了寫信。)
I won't. (
忘不了。)

●拜訪

有人嗎?
Hello! Anyone home? *
“對不起,屋裡有人嗎?”的語氣。
Hello! Anyone home? (
喂,有人嗎?)
Yes? (
誰呀?)
Yoo hoo! *
進入別人家時一種口語的說法。
Hello! Is anyone there?
Excuse me! (
對不起。)
Hey, you! (
嘿,你呀!) *比較粗魯的說法。

歡迎,請進!
Please come in! *
可以用於各種場合,如歡迎他人等。
Please come in! (
歡迎,請進!)
Sorry I didn't call first. (
對不起,來之前我沒打個電話來。)
Welcome!
Hello!

你能來,太好啦。
How nice of you to come!
How nice of you to come! (
你能來,太好啦。)
Thanks for inviting me. (
謝謝你邀請我。)
(It's) nice of you to come!
Thank you for coming.

你有事嗎?
What do you want? *
比較莽撞的語氣。
Is anyone here? (
有人嗎?)
What do you want? (
你有事嗎?)
What are you here for?

別客氣,像在自己家一樣。
Please feel free to make yourself at home.
Make yourself at home.

請坐吧。
Have a seat.
Have a seat. (
請坐吧。)
Oh, thank you. (
啊,謝謝。)
Take a seat.
Please sit down.

您盡興。
Enjoy yourself!
Have a good time!

您喝點什麼嗎?
Would you care for something to drink?
A) Would you care for something to drink?
(
您喝點兒什麼嗎?)
B) Yes, I'll have a beer, please. (
好的,我要啤酒。)
*
當拒絕A的提問時,可以用No, thank you. (謝謝,我不喝。)/Maybe later. (過一會兒再說)

沒關係。(不用擔心我。)
Don't mind me.
Sorry, I'm too busy to talk to you now.
(
對不起,我太忙了,顧不上和你說話。)
Don't mind me. I just came to see John.
(
沒關係,我只是來看看約翰。)

我可以用洗手間嗎?
May I use your bathroom?
May I use your bathroom? (
我可以用洗手間嗎?)
Sure, go ahead. (
當然可以,請吧!)
May I use your rest room?
Where can I freshen up? *
女性問Where can I freshen up? (我可以在哪兒梳洗?) 是打聽廁所的婉轉說法。
May I use your toilet? *toilet
表示“廁所”,太直接,一般不用。除此之外,ladies' room“女廁所”, men's room“男廁所”,俚語 the johnthe head也表示“廁所”。

洗手間在哪兒?
Where's the bathroom?
Which way is the bathroom?
How can I get to the bathroom?
Could you tell me how to get to the bathroom? (
能告訴我洗手間怎麼走嗎?)
可以借用一下您的電話嗎?
May I use your phone?
Is it all right if I use your phone?

我得告辭了。
I'd better get going now.
I must be going now.
I have to leave now.
I gotta go now. *gotta
口語,是got to的縮略形式。

非常感謝您的盛情款待。
Thank you for inviting me. *
用於要離開主人家時表示感謝的心情。
I'm glad you could come. (
非常高興,您今天能來。)
Thank you for inviting me. (
非常感謝您的邀請。)
Thanks so much for inviting us today. (
十分感謝您今天的盛情招待。)

有空再來串門吧。
Drop by sometime. *drop by
(順便)拜訪,串門”。
Good-bye, John. Drop by sometime. (
再見,約翰,有時間再來。)
Thanks. I will. (
謝謝。好的。)

他親自來看我。
He came to see me himself.
Did he send someone to see you? (
他讓誰來看你了?)
No, he came to see me himself. (
不,他親自來看我了。)
He came to see me personally.

您介意我抽煙嗎?
Do you mind if I smoke? *
回答這個問題的時候,不允許時用Yes, 允許時用No,與平時回答相反。
Do you mind if I smoke? (
您介意我抽煙嗎?)
No, not at all. (
不介意,你抽吧。)
Would it bother you if I smoked?
Can I smoke?
Is it all right if I smoke?
Would it be okay to smoke?

您的房子真好。
I like your house.
I like your house. (
您的房子真好。)
I'm glad to hear that. (
聽你這麼說,我很高興。)

我很喜歡你的公寓。
I really like your apartment.
I love your apartment.

小心腳下。
Watch your step.
Mind your step.
Be careful where you walk.
Look where you're going.

地上很滑。
The floor is slippery. *slippery
“光滑”、“容易滑倒的”。

請打開電視。
Please turn on the TV. *
關於turn的用法:turn on是打開(電視等)turn off是關上(電視等)turn up是開大(電視等)的聲音,turn down是關小(電視等)的聲音。

我可以把車停這兒嗎?
Can I park my car here? *park
“停車”。
Is parking okay here?
Is it all right to park my car here?
Am I permitted to park my car here?

●介紹某人

凱恩女士,這位是我的上司佐藤先生。
Ms. Kane, this is Mr. Sato, my boss.
Ms. Kane, this is my boss, Mr. Sato.
Ms. Kane, I would like to introduce my boss, Mr. Sato (to you).
Ms. Kane, let me introduce my boss, Mr. Sato (to you).

很高興認識您。
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you. (
很高興認識您。)
Nice to meet you, too. (
認識您我也很高興。)
Pleased to meet you.
Pleased to meet you, too. *
作為上面例句的回答。
Very nice to meet you.
Very nice to meet you, too. *
作為上面例句的回答。
How do you do? *
Nice to meet you的說法稍顯鄭重。
How do you do? *
可以重複How do you do? 來作為上面例句的回答。
It's a pleasure to meet you.
I'm happy to meet you.

彼此彼此。
Nice to meet you, too.

您貴姓?
May I have your name, please?
I made a reservation for tonight. (
我預訂了今天晚上的宴會。)
May I have your name, please? (
您貴姓?)
What's your name, please?
May I ask who you are? (
您是哪位?) *用來詢問對方的身份。
Who's calling, please? *
只用於打電話。
Who are you? (
你是誰?)
What's your name? (
你叫什麼名字?)
What's your name? (
你叫什麼名字?)
My name's John. (
我叫約翰。)

我給你介紹一下我的朋友。
I'd like you to meet a friend of mine.
Hi, John. (
!約翰,你好!)
Hi, Joe. I'd like you to meet a friend of mine. (
!瓊,我給你介紹一下我的朋友。)

他是個好人。
He's a nice guy.
He's a nice guy. (
他是個好人。)
He sure is. (
確實如此。)

見到您我很高興。
I'm glad to meet you.
I'm glad to meet you. (
見到您我很高興。)
So am I. (
我也很高興。)
I'm glad to meet you. (
認識您我很高興。)
The feeling is mutual. (
我也很高興。)
Glad to meet you.
Good to meet you.
I'm pleased to meet you.
I'm pleased to meet you. (
能認識您,我很高興。)
Pleased to meet you, too. (
能認識您,我也很高興。)
I'm really happy that I could meet you.
I'm really happy that I could meet you. (
能認識您我覺得非常高興。)
Same here. (
我也很高興。)

能認識您我感到非常榮幸。
It's an honor for me to meet you.
I'm Harrison Ford. (
我是哈里森·福特。)
It's an honor for me to meet you. (
能認識您我感到非常榮幸。)

請叫我……
Please call me...
Nice to meet you, Mr. Smith. (
史密斯先生,很高興認識您。)
Please call me John. (
請叫我約翰。)

我們是不是在哪兒見過面?
Don't I know you from somewhere?
Don't I know you from somewhere? (
我們是不是在哪兒見過面?)
No, I don't think so. (
不,我想沒見過。)
Haven't we met (somewhere) before?
Haven't we met somewhere (before)?
Don't I know you? (
你不認識我嗎?)
You look familiar. (
你看上去很面熟。)

想起來了嗎?
Remember?
Do you know that man? (
你認識那個男人?)
He's my father. Remember? (
他是我父親,想起來了嗎?)
Do you remember?
Don't you remember? (
你不記得了?)

!對了,你是史密斯先生。
Oh, yeah, you're Mr. Smith!
Oh, yeah, I do know you. (
哦,是的,我認識你。)
I know you, but I forgot your name. (
我認識你,可是我忘了你叫什麼。)

我不敢肯定,也許在哪兒見過。
I'm not sure. Maybe.
It's possible. (
我不肯定,可能吧?)
What's your name again? (
你叫什麼來著?)

不,我想不是這樣的。
No, I don't think so.
No, I'm afraid not.
No, I don't believe so.

這是我們第一次見面。
This is the first time we have met.
Have you two met? (
你們倆人見過?)
No, this is the first time we have met. (
沒見過,這是我們第一次見面。)
We've never met before. (
我們以前從來沒見過。)

鮑勃是你的老朋友嗎?
Is Bob an old friend of yours?
Is Bob an old friend of yours? (
鮑勃是你的老朋友嗎?)
Yes, I met him twenty years ago in America. (
是的,我是20年前在美國認識他的。)

我想不起來他叫什麼名字了。
I can't remember his name.
I can't remember his name. (
我想不起來他叫什麼名字了。)
Neither can I. (
我也想不起來了。)
I can't recall his name. His name escapes me.

這事全拜託你了。
I leave it entirely to your kind consideration. *consideration
“體貼、照顧”。
I'll leave it up to you.
直譯是“(工作或決定等)全都靠你了”。
Please consider it. *consider
think about,即“考慮”、“細想”。
I'd appreciate it if you could consider it.

我叫約翰·希恩。
I'm John Sheehan.
My name is John Sheehan.
My name's John Sheehan.

●和初次見面的人交談

您是哪裡人?
Where are you from?
My country has a lot of mountains... (
我的家鄉有很多山……)
Oh, yeah? Where are you from? (
哦,是嗎?您是哪兒人?)
Where are you from? (
您是哪裡人?)
I'm from Japan. (
我是日本人。)

我是加拿大人。
I'm from Canada.

我從加拿大來。
I come from Canada. *
I'm from Canada.I come from Canada.的意思幾乎一樣。但是含有兩種意思:一種是“自加拿大來,但並非是加拿大籍”;另一種意思是“我是加拿大人”。
I was born in Canada. (
我出生在加拿大。)
Chicago is my hometown. (
我的故鄉是芝加哥。)

你覺得日本怎麼樣?
How do you like Japan?
What do you think about Japan?

我很喜歡。
I like it.

是個好地方。
It's a good place.

你都去過日本的哪些地方?
Where have you been in Japan?

你現在住在哪兒?
Where do you live now?

我住在東京。
I live in Tokyo.

您是來度假的嗎?
Are you here on vacation? *on business
是“因公”,on vacation是“度假”。
Are you vacationing?
Are you here for a vacation?
Is this a pleasure trip?
Are you here on business or for pleasure? (
您來這是工作還是遊玩?)

我是來工作的。
I'm here on business.
My trip is business related. (
我的旅行和工作有關。)
I'm on a business trip.

您來日本多長時間了?
How long have you been in Japan?
How long have you been in Japan? (
您來日本多長時間了?)
I just arrived last week. (
上星期剛來。)
How long have you been in Japan? (
您來日本多長時間了?)
About three years. (
大概3年左右了。)
4
個月左右。
About four months.

你習慣日本的生活了嗎?
Are you used to life in Japan? *be used to
“習慣”,注意“d”不發音。
Are you used to life in Japan? (
你習慣日本的生活了嗎?)
No, not yet. (
沒有,還不習慣。)
Have you gotten used to life in Japan?
Have you grown accustomed to Japan?

你在日本呆到什麼時候?
How long will you be in Japan?
How long will you be in Japan? (
你在日本呆到什麼時候?)
Until next month. (
呆到下個月。)
How long do you plan to stay?

呆到12月。
Until December.

你說日語嗎?
Do you speak Japanese?
Do you speak Japanese? (
你說日語嗎?)
Unfortunately, no. (
很遺憾,我不會。)
Can you speak Japanese? (
你能說日語嗎?)
Are you a Japanese speaker?

只會一點兒。
A little.
Just a little.
Some. (
一點兒。)

我一點兒都不會說。
I can't speak Japanese at all. *not...at all
“一點都不……”。

我會一點兒日常會話。
I know (everyday) conversational Japanese.

你是在哪兒學的日語?
Where did you learn Japanese?

在學校。
At school.

我自學的。
I learned it on my own. *on my own
“自學”、“靠自己的力量”。
I learned it by myself. *by oneself
“一個人”、“靠自己的力量”。

你什麼時候過生日?
When's your birthday?
When's your birthday? (
你什麼時候過生日?)
It's May 24th. (5
24日。)

●有關工作

你瞭解他的背景嗎?
Do you know his background?
Do you know his background? (
你瞭解他的背景嗎?)
I know very little about him. (
我一點兒也不瞭解。)

我在一家電腦公司工作。
I work for a computer company.

我是國家公務員。
I'm a government employee.

我是個體經營者。
I'm self-employed.

你在哪個部門工作?
Which department do you work for?
I work for ABC Company. (
我在ABC公司工作。)
Which department do you work for? (
你在哪個部門工作?)

搞銷售的。
Sales.

這個工作你做了多長時間了?
How long have you been doing that job?

10年了。
For 10 years.

你的公司在哪兒?
Where is your company?
Where is your company located?

在新宿。
In Shinjuku.

上下班路上要花多長時間?
How long does it take (you) to commute? *commute
“上班,上學”。

1個小時左右。
About one hour.
Around one hour.
It takes about one hour.
About an hour.

你怎麼去上班?
How do you get to work?
How do you go to work?

我坐地鐵。
I ride the subway.
I use the subway.
I take the subway.

我正在調工作。
I'm changing jobs.

我正在找工作。
I'm job hunting now.
I'm looking for work now.

我明年退休。
I'm retiring next year.

我現在失業了。
I'm out of work now. *out of work
“失業”。
I don't have a job now.
I'm not working right now.
I'm unemployed. (
現在失業了。)

●有關學校

你是學生嗎?
Are you a student?
Are you a student? (
你是學生嗎?)
No, I've already finished school. (
不是,我已經畢業了。)
Do you go to school? (
你還在上學嗎?)

我是個大學生。
I'm a college student. *
在美國,college指包括university在內的大學。
I'm a junior college student. (
我是大專生。)
I go to a vocational school. (
我上職業專科學校。)
I go to a cram school. (
我上的是補習學校。)

我正在學習英文。
I'm
studying English.

我畢業于明治大學。
I went to Meiji University.

你上的哪所大學?
Where did you go to college? *college
指的一般大學。
Where did you go to college? (
你上的哪所大學?)
I went to Harvard University. (
我上的是哈佛大學。)

你上什麼學校?
What school do you go to?
Which school do you go to?

我上……大學。
I go to...university. *elementary school
“小學”,junior high school “中學”,high school “高中”。

你上幾年級了?
What year are you in? *
這句主要是問高中和大學的年級。如果是問小學生的話,應該用What grade are you in?

我上一年級。
I'm a freshman. *
在美國的高中和大學1年級是freshman,2年級是sophomore3年級是junior4年級是senior。在美國沒有初中的情況很多。在小學用I'm in first grade.表示1年級,I'm in second grade.表示2年級。

我明年畢業。
I'll graduate next year.
I'm graduating next year.

你的專業是什麼?
What's your major?
What do you major in?
What are you
studying? (你是學什麼的?)

我的專業是英語
I'm an English major.
I major in English.

你參加哪個俱樂部?
What club are you in?
What club do you belong to?

我在滑雪俱樂部。
I'm in the ski club.

你在打工嗎?
Do you have a part-time job? *
小時工是a part time job,正式職工是a full-time worker
Do you have a part-time job? (
你在打工嗎?)
Yes, I'm a tutor. I work three times a week. (
嗯,我做家教,一星期教三次。)
Do you work part-time? (
你在做小時工嗎?)

我一個星期去一次書店做收銀員。
I work at a bookstore as a cashier once a week.

畢業以後你打算做什麼?
What are your plans after graduation?
What are your plans after graduation? (
畢業以後你打算做什麼?)
I haven't decided yet. (
我還沒有決定。)
What are you going to do after you graduate?

●有關家庭

你家有幾口人?
How many people are in your family?
I have a large family. (
我家是個大家庭。)
How many people are in your family? (
你家有幾口人?)

四口人。
Four people.

父母和我的妹妹。
My parents and my younger sister.

你有兄弟姐妹嗎?
Any brothers or sisters?
Any brothers or sisters? (
你有兄弟姐妹嗎?)
No, none. (
沒有,一個也沒有。)
Do you have any brothers or sisters?
Any siblings? *
文言表達方式。sibling指“兄弟姐妹”。

只有一個哥哥(弟弟)
Just one brother. *just
only都表示“只有,只”。想明確表示哥哥時用older brother,弟弟用younger brother英語中一般不把兄弟或姐妹加以區分。
I just have one brother.

你和父母住在一起嗎?
Do you live with your parents?

我一個人住。
I live alone.

我住在公寓裡。
I live in an apartment.

你結婚了嗎?
Are you married?
Are you married? (
你結婚了嗎?)
Yes, I'm married. (
是的,我結婚了。)

不,還沒有。
No, not yet.
Do you have any children? (
你有孩子嗎?)
No, not yet. (
不,還沒有。)
Nope. (
沒,沒有。)
Neah. (
哪有啊。)

我有對象了。
I have a fianc
é. *fiancé來自於法語,嚴格地來講fiancé是“未婚夫”;fiancée是“未婚妻”。兩者尾碼不同,發音一樣。

我打算明年結婚。
I'm going to get married next year.

我結婚了。
I'm married. *
“獨身”用I'm single表示。

我訂婚了。
I'm engaged.

有孩子嗎?
Any children?
Any children? (
有孩子嗎?)
I have one of each. (
我有一個男孩,一個女孩。)
Do you have any children?

我有兩個男孩。
I have two boys.
I have two sons. (
我有兩個兒子。)

我有一個女兒,在上小學。
I have one daughter in elementary school.

我沒有孩子。
I don't have any children.

●有關興趣和愛好

你有什麼愛好?
What are your hobbies?
What are your hobbies? (
你有什麼愛好?)
I play golf. (
我的愛好是打高爾夫球。)

你有點什麼愛好嗎?
Do you have any hobbies?

業餘時間你都幹什麼?
What do you do when you have free time?
What do you do when you have free time?
(
業餘時間你都幹什麼?)
Nothing much. (
不幹什麼。)

我喜歡看電影。
I like to watch movies.
I enjoy watching movies.

你喜歡看什麼樣的電影?
What kind of movies do you like?
What kind of movies do you like? (
你喜歡看什麼樣的電影?)
Any kind. (
什麼都愛看。)

你的鋼琴彈得真好。
You're a good pianist.
You play the piano well.

你喜歡哪種運動?
What kind of sports do you like?

你滑了多長時間雪了?
How long have you been skiing?

我只是喜歡看。
I just like to watch.
Do you play baseball? (
你打棒球嗎?)
No, I just like to watch. (
不,我只是喜歡看。)
I only watch.

我是棒球迷。
I'm a baseball fan.
I'm a fan of baseball.

我喜歡打高爾夫球。
I like to play golf.

你練習過健美操嗎?
Have you ever done aerobics?
Have you ever done aerobics? (
你練過健美操嗎?)
No way. (
怎麼可能!)
Have you done aerobics before?

你對什麼感興趣?
What are your interests? *interest
“愛好”、“關心的事”。
What are your interests? (
你對什麼感興趣?)
I'm interested in art. (
我對美術感興趣。)
What are your interested in?
What kind of things are you interested in?
What do you like?

我從沒做過。
I've never done that.
I've never done that before.
That was the first time for me. (
我可是頭一次。)

你去國外旅行過嗎?
Have you ever traveled abroad?
Have you ever traveled abroad? (
你去國外旅行過嗎?)
Yes, twice. (
是的,去過兩次。)
Have you been overseas? (
你去國外旅行過嗎?)

你去哪兒了?
Where have you been?

我去美國和德國了。
I've been to the U.S. and Germany.

下次你想去哪兒?
Where do you want to go next?
Where do you want to go next? (
下次你想去哪兒?)
No place particular. (
沒有什麼特別的地方。)

●有關年齡、身高和體重

你多大了?
How old are you? *
在美國,出於禮貌是不問別人的年齡、體重和身高的。除非是自己比較熟悉的人,最好回避提這些問題。
I'm not old enough to drive. (
我還不到開車的年齡。)
How old are you? (
你多大了?)
I can't drink alcohol yet. (
我還不能喝酒。)
How old are you? (
你多大了?)
May I ask how old you are? (
我可以問您的年齡嗎?)
May I ask your age? (
我可以問您的年齡嗎?) *比較禮貌的說法。

48歲。
I'm forty-eight.

你的體重是多少?
How much do you weigh?
What's your weight?

75公斤左右。
About seventy-five kilograms. *
美國不用公制單位,而用pound(1磅大約453克,複數是pounds)

我重164磅。
I weigh a-hundred-sixty-four pounds.
I weigh 164 Ibs. *Ibs.
讀為pounds

你有多高?
How tall are you?
What's your height?

180左右。
About one-hundred-eighty centimeters. *
美國不用公制單位,而用foot英尺計算(1英尺大約30釐米,複數是feet1英大約是2.5釐米,複數是inches)

我身高5英尺3寸。
I'm five feet three inches tall.
I'm 5
3 tall.
I'm five three. *
口語中常用這種省略說法。

●有關天氣

今天真熱呀!
It's very hot today, isn't it? *isn't it?
帶有“真……呀!”的語感。
Isn't it hot today?
Today's a scorcher. *scorcher
口語,“太陽火辣辣的天氣”。

天氣炎熱。
It's blistering hot.
It's extremely hot.

今天的天氣真好!
It's a fine day today.
It's beautiful today.
It's nice today.

明天的天氣怎麼樣?
What's the forecast for tomorrow?
What's the forecast for tomorrow? (
明天的天氣怎麼樣?)
It's going to be cold. (
會冷吧。)
What will the weather be like tomorrow?
What's the weather going to be tomorrow?
What's tomorrow's forecast?

今天的天氣怎麼樣?
How's the weather today?
How's the weather today? (
今天的天氣怎麼樣?)
It's hot. (
今天很熱。)

今天會下雨嗎?
Is it going to rain today?
Is it going to rain today?(
今天會下雨嗎?)
I doubt it. (
我想不會。)

好像要下雨。
We're expecting some rain.
It's going to rain.
It's supposed to rain.
Rain is expected.
I heard it might rain. (
我聽說今天可能下雨。)

下雨了。
It's raining.

今天會下雨吧!
It's going to rain today.
It will rain today.

今天很熱。
It's hot today.

今天很暖和。
It's warm today.
It's a warm day.

今天很冷。
It's cold today.
It's cold today. (
今天很冷。)
It sure is. (
就是。)

今天冷嗖嗖的。
It's chilly today.
It's cool today.
It's nippy today.

今天風很大。
It's windy today.
It's a windy day.

今天很悶熱。
It's humid.
It's really humid today. (
今天很悶啊!)
Yeah, my body is sweaty. (
是呀,我渾身都是汗。)

氣候乾燥。
It's dry.
It's wet today. (
今天像要下雨。)
It's rainy today. (
今天像要下雨。)

暴風雨天氣。
It's stormy.
There is going to be a storm today. (
今天將有暴風雨。)

下雪了。
It's snowing.
It's snowing. (
下雪了。)
Yeah! Let's go skiing. (
太好了!我們去滑雪吧。)

天陰沉沉的。
It's gloomy.
It's cloudy. (
陰天。)

看樣子我們會遇上雷陣雨。
It looks like we are going to have a thunder shower.

颱風快到了。
A typhoon is coming.
Why are you taping your
windows? (幹嗎往窗戶上貼膠條?)
A typhoon is coming. (
颱風快到了。)
A typhoon is on its way.

起霧了。
It's foggy.

冷得像要結冰了。
It's freezing.
It's very cold today. (
今天非常寒冷。)

快要下暴風雨了。
We're going to have a blizzard.

這天真舒服。
It's pleasant.
It's comfortable. (
這天真舒服。)
It's a nice day. (
真是個好天。)

今天風和日麗。
It's mild today. *mild
表示氣候“溫暖的,溫和的”。
It's a mild day.

霧濛濛的。
It's misty.

今天陰天。
It's overcast today.
Let's go sunbathing. (
我們去做日光浴吧。)
But, it's overcast today. (
可是,今天陰天。)
It's cloudy today.

糟糕的天氣。
It's miserable.
It's a terrible day.
It's an awful day.

我怕熱。
I'm sensitive to heat. *sensitive
“容易感覺到的,敏感的”。

今天風和日麗。
It's breezy today.
It's a breezy day.

今天的天氣讓人不舒服。
It's uncomfortable today.
It's unpleasant today.

熱死我了。
The heat is killing me.

下了瓢潑大雨。
It's raining cats and dogs! *
cat ()dog ()來表示瓢潑大雨。可以說cats and dogs,卻不能反過來說成dogs and cats

下霜了。
It's frosty today.
It's a frosty day.

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