201212TOEIC多益考試寫作必備句型[1]

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1.It作先行主語和先行賓語的一些句型
  She had said what it was necessary to say.
  2.強調句型
  It is not who rules us that is important,but how her ulesus.
  3.All+抽象名詞”或“抽象名詞+itself(very+形容詞)
  He was all gentl enesstoher.
  4.利用辭彙重複表示強調
  A crime is a crimea crime.
  5.something(much)of”和“nothing(little)of”“something of”相當於“to some extent”,表示程度。在疑問句或條件從句中,則為“anything of”,可譯為“有點”,“略微等。”“譯為毫無”,“全無”。“muchof”譯為“大有”,“not much of”可譯為“算不上”,“稱不上”,“little of”可譯為“幾乎無”。 something like譯為“有點像,略似。”
  They say that he had no university education,but he seems to be something of a scholar.
  6.同格名詞修飾是指of前後的兩個名詞都指同一個人或物,“of”以及它前面的名詞構一個形容詞短語,以修飾“of”後面的那個名詞。如“her old sharper of a father”,可譯為:“她那騙子般的父親”。
  Those pig sofgirl seat so much.
  7.asascan(may)be It is a plainasplaincanbe.
  8.Itisin(with)asin(with)
  It is in life a sina journey.
  9.asgoodas…”相等於,就像,幾乎如;實際上,其實,實在。
  The merchant as good as promised the or phanboy,that he would adopt him.
  10.many as wellas”和“might as wellas”“many as wellas”可譯為“與其……,不如……,更好”,“以這樣做……為宜”,“如同……,也可以……”等等。“might as wellas”表示不可能的事,可譯為“猶如……”,“可與……一樣荒唐”,“與其那樣不如這樣的好”等等。
  One may as well not know a thing at all as know itim perfectly.
11.to makeof”的譯法(使……成為……,把……當作)I will make as cientis of my son.
  12.oo+不定式“,not(never)too+不定式”,“toonot+不定式She is too angry to speak.
  13.only(not,all,but,never)tootodoso”和“too ready(apt)+ todo”結構中,不定式也沒有否定意義,凡是“not”,“all”“but等字後+tooto,“不定式都失去了否定意義,在”too ready(apt)+todo“結構中,不定式也沒有否定意義。
  You know but too yell toholdy our tongue.
  14.no morethan…“句型A home with out love is no more a home than a body with out as oulis aman.
  15.not so muchas“和”not so much as…“結構,”not so muchas=not so much as…“,其中as有進可換用but rather,可譯為:”與其說是……毋須說是……“。而”notsomuch as=without(not)even,“可譯為”甚至……還沒有“。
  The oceans do not so much divide the world as uniteit.
  16.No thing is morethan“和”Nothing

g is soas“結構,”Nothing is morethan“和”Nothing is soas“都具有最高級比較的意思,”Nothing I“可換用”no“,”nobody“,”nowhere“,”little“,”few“,”hardly“,”scarcely“等等,可譯為”沒有……比……更為“,”像……再沒有了“,”最……“等。
  No thing is more precious than time.
  17.cannottoo…“結構,”cannottoo…“意為”It is impossible to over do…“或者,即”無論怎樣……也不算過分“。”not“可換用”hardly“,”scarcely“等,”too“可換用”enough“,”sufficient“等You cannot be too careful.
  18.”否定+but“結構,在否定詞後面的”but“,具有”whichnot“,”whonot“,”thatnot“,等等否定意義,構成前後的雙重否定。可譯成”沒有……不是“或”……都……“等Nothing is so bad but it might have been worse.
  19.”否定+until(till)“結構,在否定詞”no“,”not“,”never“,”little“,”few“,”seldom“等的後邊所接用的”until/till“,多數情況下譯為”直到……才……“,”要……才……“,把否定譯為肯定。
  No body knows what he can do till he has tried.
  20.not sobut“和”not such abut“結構,這兩個結構和”否定+but“的結構差不多,不同之點是這兩個結構中的”but“是含有”thatnot“意味的連續詞,表示程度。可譯為”還沒有……到不能做……的程度“,”並不是……不……“,”無論怎樣……也不是不能……“等。
  He is not so sick but he can come to school.
21.”疑問詞+shouldbut“結構,這個結構表示過去的意外的事,意為”nonebut“,可譯為”除了……還有誰會……“,”豈料“,”想不到……竟是……“等。
  Who should write it but himself?
  22.who knows but(that)…“和”who could shouldbut“結構,這個結構是反問形式,一般意譯為”多半“,”亦未可知“等等,有時也可直譯。
  Who knows but(that)he may go?
  23.”祈使句+and“和”祈使句+or“結構,”祈使句+and“表示”Ifyou…“,”祈使名+or“表示”ifnot…,you
  Add love to a house and you have a home.Aad right eousness to a city and you have a community.Aad truth to apile of redb rick and you have a school.
  24.“名詞+and”結構,在這個結構中,名詞等於狀語從句,或表示條件,或表示時間。
  A word,and he would lose his temper.
  25.as…,so…”結構,這裏的“so”的意思是“in the same way(也是如此)。此結構表明兩個概念在程度上和關係上相似。
  As rust eat siron,so care eats the heart.
  26.ifany”結構,“ifany”和“ifever”,意思是“果真有……”,“即使有……”,表示加強語氣。與此類似的還有:“ifanything(如有不同的話,如果稍有區別),“ifaday(=atleast,至少)
  There is little,ifany,hope.
  27.beitever(never)so”和“letitbeever(never)so”結構,這裏,“beit”中的“be”是古英語假設語氣的遺留形式,現代英語則使用“letitbe”。“everso”和“neverso”都表示同一意思,都表示“very”。
  Be it ever so humble(let it beever so humble)home is home.
  28.thelast+不定式”和“thel


ast+定語從詞”結構,這種結構中的“last”意思是“theleast likely”,用於否定性推論。可譯為“最不大可能的”,“最不合適的”,由原意的“最後一個……”變成“最不可能……的一個”。
  He is the last manto accept abride.
  29.sothat…”句型,這個句型的意思是“如此……,以致於……”,但在翻譯成漢語時,許多情況下,並不是一定要譯成“如此……以致於……”,而是變通表達其含義。
  Her an so fast that no body could catch him up.
  30.more+than+原級形容詞(副詞)”結構,這是將不同性質加以比較,其中的“more”有“rather”的意思。
  It is more than probable that he will fall.
31.more than+動詞”結構,這種結構表示動詞的程度,可譯為“異常”,“豈止”,“十二分地”等。
  This more than sat is fied me.
  32.goodand…”的副詞用法,譯為“非常”,“很”等。類似還有“niceand…”,“fineand…,”lovelyand…”,“brightand…”,“rareand…”,“bigand…”等,均表示程度。
  The applesare goodand ripe.
  33.and that”結構,這個“and that”應譯為“而且……”,表示對它前面陳述部分的語氣加強,“that”代表前面的整個陳述部分。
  Return to your work,and that at once.
  34.at onceand”結構,這個結構譯為“既……又……”,起相關連接的作用,相當於“bothand…”。
  The novel is at once pleasing an dinstructive.
  35.inthat…”結構,這個結構的意思是“在那一點上(方面)”,可譯為“因為”。類似的結構還有“inthis…”。
  The budget is unreal is ticin that it disregard sincrea sedcosts.
  36.the name not with standing”結構,這個結構中“not with standing”是介詞,這個介詞可以置前,可以置後,比如也可寫成:“not with standing the name”。起讓步狀語的作用。
  Some people think of the storage battery as asortof condenser where electricity isstored.But this is an entirely wrong conception, the name not with standing.
  37.Everynot”和“Allnot”結構,“Everynot”表示“不見得每個……都是……”;Allnot”表示“不見得所有……都是……”的意思。
  Every manisnotpolite,and all arenotborn gentlemen.
  38.may as well notas”結構,此結構可譯為“與其……不如不……”。
  One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.
  39.haveonlytodo”結構,此結構表示“只須()……就能……”的意思。
  We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery madeby Edison to seethesignificanceofit.
  40.not(no)unless…”句型No increasein out put can be expected unless an ewass emblyl ine is installed.
41.betterthan…”句型Better my life should been dedby their hate,than that hated life should be prolonged to live with out your love.
  42.as it were”是一個非常常用的插入語,意思是“

好象”,“可以說”等。
  A piece of iron near a magnet,though apparently separate fromit, feels,asitwere,the thread soft his at tachment.
  43.複雜結構,在下面例句中,由於anyone的定語從句過長,把謂語mustrealize提到定語從句之前。
  Though fait hand confidence aresurely more or lass foreigntomy nature,I donot infrequently find myself looking to them to be able, diligent,can did,and even honest.Plainly enough,that is too largean order,as any one must realize who reflects up on them an nerin which they reach public office.
  44.notany more than…”為:“不能……,正如不能……”。
  Onec an not learn to sketchand express himself graphically only by reading abou titany more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.
  45.By that as itmay”是“Let it be that as itmay”的省略形式,是由“be”引起的另外一種假設結構,意思是“雖然如此,儘管這樣”。
  It is said that the nerve poisonis the more primitive ofthe two, that the blood poisonis,so to speak,an ew product from animproved formula.Be that asitmay,the nervepoison does its business with man farmore quickly than the blood poison.
  46.ifatall”是一個由“if”引起的主謂結構不完整的短句結為“即將……”,“即使……”等。
  Ican seeonly with great difficulty,ifatall.
  47.there引起的句型容易產生複雜的句子結構。
  There have been opened up to the vastand excellent science,in which my work is the beginning,way sand means by which other mind smore accurate than wine will exploreit sremote corners.
  48.range fromto…”結構。這是一個常見結構,譯時很多情況下應變通處理,不能完全依靠辭典上的釋義。
  Computer application srange from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.
  49.theway…”結構I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.
  50.複雜賓補結構Inrecenty ears,the development of sensitive an daccurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individualat different frequencies.

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