印度洋中的桑吉巴島 Zanzibar

  Zanzibar consists o

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  Zanzibar consists of two larges islands plus several smaller ones about 40km 25miles off the coast of east Africa in the Indian Ocean about 6' south of the equator. The two large islands are Unguja usually called Zanzibar Island and Pemba.

  Zanzibar Island is about 85km long and 32km wide with an area of just under 1500km square about 640 square miles)。Pemba Island is about 75km long and 20km wide with an area around 850km square about 380 square miles

  Islands of Zanzibar are generally flat and low land lying. The western and central parts of Zanzibar Island have some low hills where the highest point is about 120m 390ft above the sea level. Pemba Island has a central ridge cut by several small valleys and appears hillier than Zanzibar Island although the highest point on Pemba is only 95m 310ft above sea-level.

  The islands were originally forested but human habitation has resulted in widespread clearing although a few isolated pockets of indigenous forest remain. The main crops grown in Zanzibar are coconuts and cloves. Bananas citrus fruits and other spices are also grown commercially. Maize cassava and others vegetables and cereals are grown for local consumption. Tourism has been ear-marked as the primary foreign exchange earner with more visitors coming to Zanzibar each year. At this stage the numbers are still low less than 100000 annually and the potential for tourism is relatively untapped. We are dedicated to sensitive tourism that benefits both visitors and the community without losing the romance and magic that is Zanzibar .

 

  印度洋中的桑吉巴島(Zanzibar坦尚尼亞東北部)包括兩個大島和幾個小島,裡非洲東部海岸線約40公里(25英里),大約在南緯6度。兩個大島分別是安古迦島(Unguja)通常被叫做桑吉巴島和奔巴島(Pemba)。

  桑吉巴島約85公里長,32公里寬,面積接近1500平方公里(大約640平方英里)。奔巴島大約75公里長,20公里寬,面積大約850平方公里(約380平方英里)。

  桑吉巴的島一般是比較平坦低的土地。西部和中部的有一些低矮的小山,這裡的最高海拔是120米(390英尺)。奔巴島雖然最高海拔只有95米(310英尺),但是它的中部有一明顯的邊緣地帶,是被一些小的峽穀切斷,因此比桑吉巴島顯得多山。

  這裡原來是一片森林,雖然仍然有一些原始的森林帶存在,但是人類的居住使這塊土地成為大面積的平地。這裡的主要種植的是椰子和丁香。商業性質上這裡還會種植香蕉,柑橘類的植物以及其他一些香料。而為了滿足本地的一些消費,則會種植一些玉米,木薯和其他一些蔬菜和穀類。隨著每年越來越多的遊客來到這裡,旅遊業已經被認定為第一重要的爭取外匯的行業。每年來旅遊的客人總數仍然少(每年不到10萬人),但是潛力卻很大。我們應該致力與讓遊客和本地社區達到雙贏,既滿足遊客的願望又不失桑吉巴的浪漫與神氣。

 

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