US employers add 214,000 jobs; unemployment rate dips to 5.8%美國雇主增加214,000就業機會; 失業率驟降至5.8%

 


The burst of hiring lowered the unemployment rate to 5.8 percent from 5.9 percent. It is the lowest rate since July 2008. Yet workers' average hourly pay rose only slightly, a glaring weak spot in an otherwise solid report.

Employers have now added at least 200,000 jobs for nine straight months — the longest such stretch since 1995.The Labor Department also revised upward by a total of 31,000 the number of jobs created in the previous two months, for 256,000 in September and 203,000 in August.


WASHINGTON -- Three days after voters registered their sourness about the U.S. economy, the government said Friday that employers added a solid 214,000 jobs in October, extending the healthiest pace of hiring in eight years.
 

Voters identified the economy as their top concern in Tuesday's elections. That suggested that economic improvement hasn't yet been felt by many Americans. The sluggish pace of pay growth is a likely factor.

Average hourly pay rose 3 cents in October to US$24.57. That's just 2 percent higher than the average wage was 12 months earlier and is barely ahead of the 1.7 percent inflation rate.

“While the labor market is improving and in many respects has already healed, employee bargaining power remains virtually nonexistent,” Dan Greenhaus, an analyst at the brokerage firm BTIG LLC, said in a research note.

Still, the brightening jobs picture led more people to start looking for work last month. The percentage of Americans who either have a job or are looking for one rose in October to 62.8 percent. And 267,000 people who had been out of work said they were now employed. Their hiring reduced the number of unemployed. For the first time in six years, the number of unemployed fell below nine million, to 8.995 million.

The job gains were broad-based, though many lower-paying industries posted especially large increases. Retailers added 27,100 jobs. Restaurants, hotels and entertainment firms gained 52,000.

Some higher-paying industries also showed progress. Manufacturers added 15,000 jobs, up from 9,000 the previous month. Transportation and shipping companies gained 13,300. And professional and business services, which includes accountants, engineers and other higher-skilled fields, added 37,000.


U.S. manufacturers are expanding at the fastest pace in three years, according to a survey by the Institute for Supply Management, a trade group. A measure of new orders showed that factory output will likely continue to grow in coming months. A separate survey by the ISM found that retailers, restaurants and other service companies grew at a healthy pace last month.Analysts say the economic expansion remains strong enough to support the current pace of hiring. Over the past six months, the economy has grown at a 4.1 percent annual rate.

Home sales rose in September at their fastest rate this year, a sign that housing could pick up after a sluggish performance for most of this year.

Still, faltering global growth could create trouble for the U.S. economy in the months ahead. Exports fell in September, the government said this week, widening the trade deficit. That led many economists to shave their predictions of economic growth in the July-September quarter to an annual rate of 3 percent or less, down from the government's initial estimate of 3.5 percent.

“Anyone disappointed by the October number, which came in below expectations ... needs to bear in mind that payrolls have now risen by more than 200,000 in each of the past nine months,” said Chris Williamson of Markit.

“This means that, so far this year, the economy has added some 2.285 million jobs, of which 2.225 million were in the private sector.”

Over 12 months, the world's leading economy has generated an average 222,000 jobs a month, according to Erica Groshen of the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

There was a sharp 683,000 surge in the overall number of people with jobs, well over the number of new entrants and returnees to the active labor force, 416,000, which helped push down the jobless rate, according to Paul Ashworth of Capital Economics.

Ashworth pointed out that at 5.8 percent, the unemployment rate was nearing what the Federal Reserve considers “full employment” of between 5.2 percent and 5.5 percent.

美國雇主增加214,000就業機會; 失業率驟降至5.8%

美聯社和法新社
2014年11月8日,上午12時09 TWN

華盛頓 - 選民登記的酸味對美國經濟的三天後,政府上週五表示,雇主增加了一個堅實的214,000就業崗位10月份擴大招聘八年的最健康的步伐。

勞工部還總共31000的前兩個月創造了就業機會,為256,000九月的數量和203000八月份向上修正。

自1995年以來最長的拉伸 - 雇主們現在又增加了至少20萬個職位的九連勝個月。

招聘的突發,從5.9%降低失業率至5.8%。這是自2008年7月但工人的平均時薪在另外固體報告僅增長略有下降,一個明顯的薄弱點率最低。

選民確定的經濟作為自己在週二的選舉中最關心的問題。這表明經濟改善尚未感受到許多美國人。工資增長緩慢的步伐,是一個可能的因素。

平均時薪上漲了3美分,十月份美國24.57美元。這只是2%高於平均工資12個月前,是勉強領先於1.7%的通貨膨脹率。

“雖然勞動力市場正在改善,在許多方面已經痊癒了,員工的議價能力仍然幾乎不存在。”一位分析師在經紀公司BTIG LLC丹Greenhaus在一份研究報告中表示。

儘管如此,增亮的工作畫面導致越來越多的人開始找工作的最後一個月。美國人的百分比誰或者有工作或正在尋找一個上漲十月份62.8個百分點。而267,000人誰已經失去工作,他們說,現在被僱用。他們僱用減少失業人數。這是第一次在六年內,失業人數跌破900萬,至8995000。

工作漲勢廣泛,儘管許多低工資行業特別是發布大量增加。零售商增加27,100就業機會。餐館,酒店和娛樂公司獲得了52000。

一些高收入行業也表現出進步。製造商加入1.5萬人,從9000上月持平。交通運輸和航運企業獲得了13300。而專業和商業服務,其中包括會計師,工程師和其他高技能領域,增加37000。

分析人士說,經濟增長仍然強大到足以支持聘用的目前的速度。在過去的六個月中,經濟增長在4.1%的年增長率。

美國製造商在三年內擴大以最快的速度,根據一項調查由美國供應管理協會,貿易團體。新訂單的測量顯示,工廠產量將可能繼續在​​未來數月增長。在ISM的獨立調查發現,零售商,餐館和其他服務公司以健康的步伐比上月增長。

房屋銷售今年漲到9月在自己的最快速度,這表明房屋可能後表現低迷今年大部分時間的回暖。

儘管如此,步履蹣跚的全球經濟增長可能在未來幾個月內創造了美國經濟的麻煩。9月出口下滑,政府本週表示,將擴大貿易赤字。這導致許多經濟學家從3.5%政府初步估計刮鬍子經濟增長7-9月季度的預測為3%或更低的年增長率下降。

“任何人的月數,而低於預期感到失望......需要記住的就業人數已經超過20萬,在過去九個月漲到現在,”Markit的克里斯·威廉姆森說。

“這意味著,今年到目前為止,經濟增添了幾分2285000就業崗位,其中2225000人在私營部門。”

超過12個月,全球領先的經濟已經產生了平均222,000工作了一個月,根據勞動統計局的埃里卡Groshen。

有一個尖銳的683,000激增有工作的人的總數,超過新進入者和返鄉者的積極的勞動力,416000,這幫助推低失業率的數字,根據資本經濟公司的保羅·阿什沃思。

阿什沃思指出,5.8%的失業率已接近什麼美聯儲認為的與5.2%和5.5%的“充分就業”。

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