TOEFL托福閱讀句意解釋題的解決策略

  句意解釋題也有人稱其為“變換措辭題”,也就是用自己的語言來改寫文章中的句子或者段落,以不同的方式重新

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  句意解釋題也有人稱其為變換措辭題,也就是用自己的語言來改寫文章中的句子或者段落,以不同的方式重新陳述另一句話,保留其內容,而不改變原來句子的意思。在IBT閱讀的三篇文章中,每篇文章可能有0-1道這樣的題目,每次考試總共有23題。

  這類型題目的題幹表達為:Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  解決這類題目的三種方法:

  第一種:在保持原句序基本不變的前提下進行重點詞彙或者片語的同義替換;

  第二種:在句序不變的前提下再進行重點詞彙或者片語的同義替換;

  第三種:對原句進行總結性重複。

  下面我們通過一個例子來看這些方法的具體應用:

  Small marketers should be less concerned with whether U.S. and European consumers are alike and more concerned with monitoring the variety of factors that account for potential similarities and differences. Attention to the dynamic nature of those factors will produce opportunities for the alert marketer.

  Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  A marketer who is not so smart should be more concerned with the difference of eating habits between U.S. and European consumers and less concerned with monitoring the variety of factors that account for potential similarities and differences.

  I t is not important whether U.S. and European consumers have a similar eating habit. I t is the potential similarities and differences that people should be more concerned with.

  Marketers should focus on the factors that account for difference rather than the difference themselves.

  Monitoring the variety of foods could explain the potential similarities and differences.

  解題:

  首先,我們來分析這個句子,整個主句的主語為Small marketers,謂語為be concerned with,賓語為factors,這個分析完成之後,我們採用同意替換的方法,替換其中的重點片語-謂語be concerned with,其同義詞為focus on.這樣替換完之後把兩個句子的意思進行比較,得出正確答案C.這道題目採用了第一種方法。

  總之,這類題目的解決步驟就是分析句子結構,找出關鍵字語——找出其中的重要片語進行同義替換——結合整個句子的意思進行重新組織句子——採用排除法找出正確答案。

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