What a wonderful world: 13 fabulous gardens多麼美好的世界:13神話般的花園

 
By Bruce Holmes, for CNN
June 20, 2014 -- Updated 0015 GMT (0815 HKT)
The highlight of Parc de la Tete d'Or, a vast urban park in Lyon, France, are three beautiful rose gardens. The park's name, which means "Golden Head Park," comes from a legend about a golden sculpture of Christ's head buried somewhere on the grounds by the Crusaders. The highlight of Parc de la Tete d'Or, a vast urban park in Lyon, France, are three beautiful rose gardens. The park's name, which means "Golden Head Park," comes from a legend about a golden sculpture of Christ's head buried somewhere on the grounds by the Crusaders.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Parc de la Tete d'Or (France)
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STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Most of the world's famous gardens are notable not only for their design and beauty, but for their history
  • Many host international competitions that are open to visitors
  • Parc de la Tete d'Or in France will host the World Rose Convention and Festival in 2015
  • Garden Kingdom Dessau-Woerlitz in Germany was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000
 

(CNN) -- History and botany mix with landscape design and architecture in these 13 fabulous gardens around the world.

While many are attached to famous estates, the gardens are destinations in their own right and deserve their own list.

Parc de la Tête d'Or (Lyon, France)

This beautifully maintained 289-acre park in Lyon has an extensive botanical garden but is best known for its spectacular rose gardens, which are playing host to the 17th World Rose Convention and Festival in 2015.

The park's main highlight is the International Rose Garden, with its 16,000 rose bushes showcasing 450 varieties, while the Competition Rose Garden hosts an annual contest featuring the newest varieties.

Fun fact: the park's name, which means "Golden Head Park," comes from an old legend about the grounds about buried treasure. The Crusaders are supposed to have buried a golden Christ's head somewhere on the park's property.

Parc de la Tête d'Or, 69006 Lyon, France; +33 4 72 69 47 60; free admission

READ: World's largest natural flower garden opens in Dubai

It\'s hard to believe, but the site of Canada\'s Butchart Gardens was once a limestone quarry.
It's hard to believe, but the site of Canada's Butchart Gardens was once a limestone quarry.

Butchart Gardens (British Columbia, Canada)

When Jennie Butchart's husband, a manufacturer of Portland cement, told her in 1904 that his company had exhausted the limestone in their quarry, the door was opened to create what would later become one of Canada's notable tourist attractions.

Butchart Gardens near Victoria in British Columbia were created within that disused quarry.

Featured views include the Edwardian-style Sunken Garden (gallery above), with a lake where reflections of multi-colored foliage surrounding it take on a beauty of their own.

Butchart Gardens, 800 Benvenuto Avenue, Brentwood Bay, British Columbia, Canada; +1 250 652 5256; official peak season June 15-August 31; adults CA$30.80 ($28) youth CA$14.35 ($13)

Hershey Gardens (Pennsylvania)

When chocolate magnate Milton S. Hershey decided to create a thing of beauty to be enjoyed by residents of "his" town in Pennsylvania, the result was Hershey Gardens, opened in 1937.

A notable feature is the Butterfly House, home to hundreds of North American butterflies, in which visitors can observe the entire life cycle of the butterfly, from egg to adult.

There are 11 themed gardens on site, including the whimsical Children's Garden and a rose garden with nearly 6,000 roses of 275 varieties.

Hershey Gardens, 170 Hotel Road Hershey, Pennsylvania; 1 717 534 3492; adults $10.50, children 3-12 $7.50

The Royal Botanic Gardens (London)

On a bend of the Thames at Kew in southwest Londonthe Royal Botanic Gardens was listed as a World Heritage Site in 2003, acknowledging its contributions to botanical and environmental science since 1759.

The Temperate House is the world's largest surviving Victorian glass structure.

An iron-framed greenhouse dating from the 19th century, it was to become a model for conservatories around the world.

The Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew Gardens), Brentford Gate, London, +44 20 8332 5655; adults £15 ($25), children free

MORE: 15 of the best European castle hotels

The small island of Tresco is home to one of the finest gardens in the United Kingdom.
The small island of Tresco is home to one of the finest gardens in the United Kingdom.

Abbey Garden island (Isles of Scilly, UK)

Two and a half miles long by a mile wide, Tresco is one of the Scilly Isles, off the coast of England.

Here, next to the ruins of an old priory, the Abbey Garden was created in the 1800s.

It features some of the finest outdoor specimens of subtropical flora and fauna to be found in the Northern Hemisphere, including great spiky agaves from the Mexican desert, brilliant Spear Lilies from Australia's Queensland coast, King Proteas from South Africa and huge South American bromeliads from the Andes.

Abbey Garden, Tresco Island, Isles of Scilly, United Kingdom; +44 1720 424108; adults £12 ($20), children under 16 free

Monet Garden (Giverny, France)

One of the founders of the French Impressionist painting movement, Claude Monet bought a house and land in the village of Giverny in 1890 and set about establishing the gardens that were to provide inspiration for his art.

The often-painted Japanese-style garden is famous for its water lilies, ponds and bridge and is a popular destination for art tours.

Monet Garden, 84 Rue Claude Monet, Giverny, France; +33 2 32 51 28 21; April 1-November 1 €9.50 ($13), children under 7 free

Roseto Comunale (Rome)

Rome's municipal rose garden at the foot of Aventine Hill has a complicated past.

Since the 17th century, the site had been a Jewish cemetery, but a road was built through it in 1934 to celebrate Mussolini's rise to power. While all graves were supposed to have been moved to the city's main cemetery, thousands of bodies are still thought to remain.

The city turned the site into a rose garden in 1950 with the Jewish community's approval, designing the paths in the shape of a menorah, a Hebrew candelabra, and installing a plaque in memorandum of the garden's Jewish past.

Each May, the garden hosts the "Premio Roma" rose competition, which is open to the public.

Roseto Comunale, Via di Valle Murcia, 6 (Aventine), Rome; +39 06 5746810; free admission

MORE: World's most unusual natural phenomena

Garden Kingdom Dessau-Woerlitz (Dessau, Germany)

"I was deeply moved as we strolled through the lakes, canals and woods by how the gods have allowed the Prince to create a dream around himself."

That's how Johann Wolfgang von Goethe described this place -- then called Luisium Castle Garden -- in 1778.

Now known as the Garden Kingdom Dessau-Woerlitz in Germany, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.

The Snake House, so called because of the shape of its gutters, was a retreat for Louise, the wife of Prince Franz of Anhalt-Dessau.

Garden Kingdom Dessau-Woerlitz, Kulturstiftung DessauWörlitz, Schloss Großkühnau Germany; + 49 340 2164253; each house tour €6 ($8); gardens free admission

Egeskov Castle Garden (Funen, Denmark)

Egeskov Castle is a beautifully preserved Renaissance structure dating back to 1554.

Covering 20 hectares, the original old grounds have been divided into a number of impressive gardens that won the European Garden Award in 2012.

Among the gardens are four 270-years-old, eight-meter-tall hedge mazes, so visitors should allow time for getting lost.

Egeskov Castle, Egeskov Gade 18, 5772 Kværndrup, Denmark; +45 6227 1016; official peak season June 22-August 18; adults DKK 180 ($33) children DKK 110 ($20)

You can spot the Versailles influence at Peterhof Palace Garden.
You can spot the Versailles influence at Peterhof Palace Garden.

Peterhof Palace Garden (St. Petersburg, Russia)

The World Heritage listed Peterhof Palace was built on the orders of Peter the Great and mostly completed by 1725.

Its palaces and formal gardens were modeled on Versailles.

They feature a multitude of fountains.

One of the most famed views (see gallery above) looks across the Grand Cascade and Samson Fountain through a canal and gardens to the sea.

Peterhof Palace, 2 Razvodnaya Ulitsa, Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia; +7 812 450 52 87; adults RUB 500 ($14) children RUB 250 ($7)

MORE: 50 natural wonders: The ultimate list of scenic splendor

David Austin Rose Gardens (United Kingdom)

Award-winning rose breeder and specialist grower David Austin has been developing English roses for 50 years and selling them all over Europe.

His vast rose garden on the Shropshire Border is open to visitors and features 700 different varieties -- including the National Collection of English Roses -- over two acres.

David Austin Roses, Bowling Green Lane, Albrighton, Wolverhampton, West Midlands, United Kingdom; +44 1902376342; free admission

Kenrokuen (Kanazawa, Japan)

Kenrokuen is considered one of Japan's "three most beautiful landscape gardens."

It was formerly the outer garden of Kanazawa Castle.

From the 1620s to 1840s, various rulers added waterfalls, a teahouse, winding paths, streams and bridges.

The garden was opened to the public in the 1870s.

Kenrokuen, 1 Kenrokumachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920−0936, Japan; +81 76 234 3800; adults ¥310 ($3), children 6-17 ¥100 ($10)

Christchurch Botanic Gardens (Christchurch, New Zealand)

Founded in 1863 with the planting of an English Oak and now featuring many trees more than 120 years old, the Botanic Gardens in Christchurch, New Zealand, survived the city's major earthquake in 2011 and celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2013.

A quintessential experience, reminiscent of England, is to pole a boat along the River Avon through the gardens.

The Gondwana Garden is the beginning of a new feature on site -- a recreation of a Jurassic forest.

Christchurch Botanic Gardens, 7 Rolleston Ave, Christchurch 8013, New Zealand; +64 3 941 5556; free admission

Story originally published in 2013. Updated on June 20, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

布魯斯·霍姆斯,為CNN
2014年6月20日 - 更新0015 GMT(0815 HKT)

 

帝德拉太特d'Or的,在法國里昂一個巨大的城市公園,的亮點有三個美麗的玫瑰花園。 公園的名字,意思是“金頭公園,”來自基督的頭一個金色的雕塑,理由由烈士安葬的地方傳說。帝德拉太特d'Or的,在法國里昂一個巨大的城市公園,的亮點有三個美麗的玫瑰花園。公園的名字,意思是“金頭公園,”來自基督的頭一個金色的雕塑,理由由烈士安葬的地方傳說。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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帝德拉太爾(法國)
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故事突出
  • 大多數世界著名的花園是著名的不僅為他們設計和美感,但對於他們的歷史
  • 這是對遊客開放許多主機國際比賽
  • 帝德拉太特d'Or的法國將舉辦世界玫瑰大會和藝術節,2015年
  • 花園王國德紹 - Woerlitz在德國被聯合國教科文組織宣布為世界遺產,2000年
 

(CNN) -歷史與植物學組合,景觀設計和建築在世界各地的這13個神話般的花園。

雖然許多附加到著名的莊園,花園是目的地在自己的權利和應該擁有自己的列表。

帝德拉太特d'Or酒店(里昂, 法國)

這精美保持289英畝的公園在里昂擁有廣泛的植物園,但最出名的是其壯觀的玫瑰花園,這是承辦了第17屆世界玫瑰大會和藝術節於2015年。

公園的主要亮點是國際玫瑰園,以其16,000玫瑰花叢,展示450多個品種,而競爭玫瑰園舉辦的年度競賽為特色的最新品種。

有趣的事實:在公園的名字,意思是“金頭公園,”來自一個古老的傳說關於關於寶藏的理由。十字軍應該對公園的財產已經埋下了金色的基督的頭的地方。

帝德拉太特d'Or的,69006法國里昂; +33 4 72 69 47 60; 免費入場

閱讀:在迪拜世界上最大的天然花園開啟

它\的很難相信,但加拿大\站點的布查特花園曾經是一個石灰石採石場。
很難相信,但加拿大的布查特花園的網站曾經是一個石灰石採石場。

布查特花園(不列顛哥倫比亞省,加拿大

當珍妮·布查特的丈夫,矽酸鹽水泥的生產廠家,告訴她在1904年,他的公司已經用盡了石灰石在他們的獵物,門被打開了創造什麼以後將成為加拿大著名的旅遊景點之一。

布查特花園附近的維多利亞在不列顛哥倫比亞省的被廢棄的採石場內創建。

推薦意見包括愛德華七世時代風格的下沉式花園(圖庫以上),其中有多種顏色的葉子反射周圍拿自己的美麗湖泊。

布查特花園,800韋努托切大道,布倫特伍德灣,不列顛哥倫比亞省,加拿大; +1 250 652 5256; 官方旺季6月15日至8月31日; 成人CA30.80美元(28美元)青年CA 14.35($ 13)

赫希花園(賓夕法尼亞州

當巧克力大王米爾頓學赫爾希決定創造美的東西通過的“他”的小鎮在賓夕法尼亞州的居民提供援助,結果被赫希公園,於1937年開業。

一個顯著的特點是蝴蝶館,數百家北美的蝴蝶,其中遊客可以觀察到蝴蝶的整個生命週期,從卵到成蟲。

有11個主題花園現場,包括異想天開的兒童花園,並與近6000玫瑰的275個品種的玫瑰花園。

赫希花園,170號酒店赫爾希,賓夕法尼亞州; 1 717 534 3492; 成人10.50美元,兒童3-127.50美元

皇家植物園(倫敦

在泰晤士邱在倫敦西南部的一個彎皇家植物園被列為世界遺產,2003年,承認自1759到植物和環境科學的貢獻。

溫帶家是世界上現存最大的維多利亞式玻璃結構。

鐵框溫室建於19世紀,這是成為一名模特,為世界各地的音樂學院。

皇家植物園(邱園),布倫特福德門,倫敦,+44 20 8332 5655; 成人£15(25美元),兒童免費

更多:15最佳歐洲城堡酒店

小島嶼特雷斯科是家裡最優秀的園林在英國之一。
小島嶼特雷斯科是家裡最優秀的園林在英國之一。

修道院花園島(錫利群島,英國

兩個半英里長,一英里寬,特雷斯科是錫利群島之一,關英格蘭海岸。

在這裡,旁邊的一個老修道院的廢墟, 修道院花園是在1800年創建的。

它具有一些亞熱帶植物群和動物群的最優秀的戶外標本在北半球被發現,包括來自墨西哥沙漠大高低不平龍舌蘭,輝煌矛百合來自澳大利亞的昆士蘭海岸,金國花來自南非和巨大的南美鳳梨從安第斯山脈。

修道院花園,特雷斯科島,錫利群島,英國; +44 1720 424108; 成人12英鎊(20美元,16歲以下兒童免費

莫奈花園(吉維尼,法國

一個法國印象派繪畫運動的奠基人,莫奈在吉維尼的1890年村買了一套房子和土地,並著手建立的是提供靈感,他的藝術的花園。

經常畫日式花園是著名的睡蓮,池塘和橋樑,是藝術旅遊的熱門目的地。

莫奈花園,84街莫奈,吉維尼,法國; +33 2 32 51 28 21; 4月1日至11月1日€9.50($ 13),7歲以下兒童免費

市府羅塞托(羅馬)

羅馬市玫瑰園在阿芬丁山腳下有一個複雜的過去。

自17世紀以來,該網站一直是猶太公墓,但道路是通過它建於1934年為慶祝墨索里尼的上台。雖然所有的墳墓都應該已經被轉移到城市的主要墓地,成千上萬的機構仍然認為保持

這個城市變成了工地成玫瑰園在1950年與猶太社區的認可,設計路徑的燈檯,希伯來燭台的形狀,並在花園裡的猶太人過去的備忘錄安裝牌匾。

每年五月,花園主機“PREMIO吉普賽人”玫瑰競爭,這是向公眾開放。

市府羅塞托,通過二山谷穆爾西亞,6(阿文),羅馬; +39 06 5746810; 免費入場

更多:世界上最奇特的自然現象

花園王國德紹- Woerlit Ž (德紹,德國)

“我被深深地感動了,因為我們通過對湖泊,運河和樹林被如何神已經讓王子締造夢想自己周圍閒逛。”

這就是約翰·沃爾夫岡·馮·歌德是如何描述這個地方 - 1778年 - 當時稱為Luisium城堡花園。

現在,被稱為花園王國德紹 - Woerlitz在德國,它被聯合國教科文組織宣布為世界遺產於2000年。

蛇樓,所謂的,因為它的排水溝的形狀,是一個撤退路易絲,安哈爾特 - 德紹公爵弗朗茨的妻子。

花園王國德紹- Woerlitz,KulturstiftungDessauWörlitz,宮Großkühnau德國; + 49 340 2164 253; 每個洋房組團€6(8美元);花園免費入場

伊埃斯科城堡花園(菲英,丹麥

伊埃斯科城堡是一座保存完好的文藝復興時期的結構可以追溯到1554。

佔地20公頃,原來的老場地被分成了許多令人印象深刻的花園,贏得了歐洲花園獎在2012年。

其中花園四個270歲了,八米高的對沖迷宮,讓遊客應該讓時間迷路。

伊埃斯科城堡,伊埃斯科蓋德18,5772Kværndrup,丹麥; +45 6227 1016; 官方旺季6月22日至8月18日; 成人DKK 180(美元33)兒童110丹麥克朗(20美元)

您可以在彼得霍夫宮花園當場凡爾賽影響。
您可以在彼得霍夫宮花園當場凡爾賽影響。

彼得霍夫宮花園(俄羅斯聖彼得堡

世界遺產列出的夏宮宮殿始建於彼得大帝的命令,主要是由1725完成。

它的宮殿和正式的花園為藍本,凡爾賽宮。

它們的特點是眾多的噴泉。

其中最為著名的觀點(見上文畫廊)通過運河和花園大海看起來橫跨大瀑布和噴泉參孫。

夏宮宮殿,2 Razvodnaya ULITSA,彼得大帝,俄羅斯聖彼得堡; +7 812 450 52 87; 成年人500盧布($ 14)兒童RUB 250元(7)

更多:50自然奇觀:風景輝煌的最終名單

大衛·奧斯汀玫瑰花園(英國)

屢獲殊榮的玫瑰育種和種植專家大衛奧斯汀一直在開發英語玫瑰50年,其銷售遍及歐洲。

在什羅普郡邊境他豐富的玫瑰園向遊客開放,並設有700種不同品種 - 包括英國玫瑰的國家收藏 - 超過兩畝。

大衛·奧斯汀玫瑰,保齡球綠色通道,阿爾布萊頓,伍爾弗漢普頓,西米德蘭茲郡,英國; +44 1902376342; 免費入場

兼六園(金澤,日本

兼六園被認為是日本的一“三個最亮麗的風景園林。”

它的前身是金澤城的外花園。

從1620年代到1840年代,各種統治者加瀑布,茶館,峰迴路轉,溪流和橋樑。

在花園裡向公眾開放的19世紀70年代。

兼六園,1 Kenrokumachi,金澤,石川縣920-0936,日本; +81 76 234 3800; 成人¥310(3元),兒童6-17 100×(10元)

基督城植物園(新西蘭基督城

成立於1863年與英國橡樹種植,現在擁有許多樹木超過120歲,植物園在新西蘭基督城,倖存下來的城市的大地震在2011年和慶祝其成立150週年的2013年。

一個典型的經驗,讓人聯想到英國的,是在花園撐船沿著Avon河。

岡瓦納園是在現​​場的一個新功能開始 - 侏羅紀森林的遊憩。

基督城植物園,7羅爾斯頓大道,8013基督城,新西蘭; +64 3 941 5556; 免費入場

故事 最初發表於2013年。更新於2014年6月20日。

 

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