寫作中使用率最高覆蓋面最廣的基本句式

寫作中使用率最高覆蓋面最廣的基本句式寫作中使用率最高覆蓋面最廣的基本句式以下是短文寫作中使用率最高、覆蓋面最廣的基本句式,每組句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根據自己的情況選擇其中的12個,做到能夠熟練正確地仿寫或套用。

1.表示原因

1There are three reasons for this

2The reasons for this are as follows

3The reason for this is obvious

4The reason for this is not far to seek

5The reason for this is that...

6We have good reason to believe that...

例如:

There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our lifeFirstlypeoples living standard has been greatly improvedSecondlymost people are well paid and they can afford what they need or likeLast but not leastmore and more people prefer to enjoy modern life

注:如考生寫第一個句子沒有把握,可將其改寫成兩個句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life There are three reasons for this.這樣寫可以避免套用中的表達失誤。

2.表示好處 1It has the following advantages

2It does us a lot of good

3It benefits us quite a lot

4It is beneficial to us

5It is of great benefit to us

例如:

Books are like friendsThey can help us know the world betterand they can open our minds and widen our horizonsThereforereading extensively is of great benefit to us

3.表示壞處

1It has more disadvantages than advantages

2It does us much harm

3It is harmful to us

例如:

Howevereverything divides into twoTelevision can also be harmful to usIt can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television

4.表示重要、必要、困難、方便、可能

1It is importantnecessarydifficultconvenient possiblefor sbto do sth

2We think it necessary to do sth

3It plays an important role in our life

例如:

Computers are now being used everywherewhether in the governmentin schools or in businessSoon computers will be found in every hometooWe have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age

5.表示措施

1We should take some effective measures

2We should try our best to overcomeconquerthe difficulties

3We should do our utmost in doing sth

4We should solve the problems that we are confrontedfacedwith

例如:

The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more seriousThereforewe must take some effective measures to solve it

6.表示變化

1Some changes have taken place in the past five years

2A great change will certainly be produced in the worlds communications

3The computer has brought about many changes in education

例如:

Some changes have taken place in peoples diet in the past five yearsThe major reasons for these changes are not far to seekNowadaysmore and more people are switching from grain to meat for proteinand from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins

7.表示事實、現狀

1We cannot ignore the fact that...

2No one can deny the fact that...

3There is no denying the fact that...

4This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in

5Howeverthats not the case

例如:

We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollutionTo solve these problems we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollutionThe government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment

8.表示比較

1Compared with AB...

2I prefer to read rather than watch TV

3There is a striking contrast between them

例如:

Compared with carsbicycles have several advantages besides being affordableFirstlythey do not consume natural resources of petroleumSecondlythey do not cause the pollution problemLast but not leastthey contribute to peoples health by giving them due physical exercise

9.表示數量

1It has increaseddecreasedfrom...to...

2The population in this city has now increased decreasedto 800000

3The output of July in this factory increased by 15 compared with that of January

例如:

With the improvement of the living standardthe proportion of peoples income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased

再如:

From the graph listed above,it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

10.表示看法

1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.

2)People have different opinions on this problem.

3)People take different views of(on)the question.

4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...

例如:

People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.

Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.

再如:

Do lucky numberseally bring good luckDifferent people have different views on it

注:一個段落有時很適宜以問句開始,考生應掌握這一寫作方法。

11.表示結論

1In shortit can be said that ...

2It may be briefly summed up as follows

3From what has been mentioned abovewe can come to the conclusion that ...

例如:

From what has been mentioned abovewe can come to the conclusion that examination is necessaryhowever its method should be improved

注:例句1可用於任何一個段落的結論句;例句3則多用文章結論段的第一句。

12.套語

1Its well known to us that ...

2As is known to us,...

3This is a topic that is being widely talked about

4From the graphtablechartlisted aboveit can be seen that ...

5As a proverb says,“Where there is a willthere is a way

例如:

As is well known to usit is important for the students to know the world outside campus

The reason for this is obviousNowadaysthe society is changing and developing rapidlyand the campus is no longer an ivory tower梗瓵s college studentswe must get in touch with the world outside the campusOnly in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate

再如:

Does it pay to be honestThis is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it

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