對於絕大多數中國考生而言,Presentation Skills的缺乏勢必導致兩大誤區: 第一大誤區是先Beat aroun
第一大誤區是先Beat around the bush,再漸漸切入正題,最後才做出較為精准的總結。這顯然與以漢語為母語的語言交流習慣有關,這在平時的一般交流中或許不那麼致命,甚至有些英語為母語的人平時講話也有這種習慣,但是在一分鐘甚至是45秒的答題時間裡這樣做,就無異于浪費寶貴的答題時間,將60秒或45秒的可用來得分的空間縮小到30秒甚至是20秒,使整個答案的品質大打折扣。
Describe a class you have taken in school and explain why the class was important to you. Include details and examples to support your explanation.
Preparation time: 15 seconds
Response time: 45 seconds
在開始答題的時候,應首先說出一句Topic Sentence 點出這門課的名稱。如果準備不是很充分,為了避免出現答題空白,可以附帶交代這門課的背景資訊,如何時選修的,哪位教授任課,但一定要控制在10秒以內。這種技能叫Skill of Buying Time.隨後,三條理由依次列出,切不可忘記Important是論述的核心,千萬不能無意中轉而強調這門課Difficult或Interesting.
In my previous studies at college, there are quite a few importance courses and one of the most important one of them, if I had to choose one, would be Calculus. Well, as I am an engineering major, in my curriculum there are many courses requiring complicated calculation, equation deduction and math model building. All these need knowledge in calculus as a foundation. Besides, mastery of some quantitative analysis methods will greatly benefit my ability to make a sensible judgment in a complex situation in workplace, no matter what job I'll take up in the future. Finally, without a good sense of advanced mathematics, I will not be able to appreciate the beauty of symmetry in many artistic forms.
Reading Time: 45 seconds
Announcement from the president The university has decided to increase tuition and fees for all students by approximately 8 percent next semester. For the past 5 years, the tuition and fees have remained the same, but it is necessary to increase them now for several reasons. The university has many more students than we had five years ago, and we must hire additional professors to teach these students. We have also made a new commitment to research and technology, and will be renovating and upgrading our laboratory facilities to better meet our students' needs.
Now listen to two students as they discuss the announcement.
Student A Oh great, now we have to come up with more money for next semester.
Student B Yeah, I know, but I can see why. When I first started here, classes were so much smaller than they are now. With this many students, it's hard to get the personal attention you need……
Student A Yeah, I guess you're right. You know, in some classes I can't even get a seat. And I couldn't take the math course I wanted to because it was already full when I signed up.
Student B And the other thing is, well, I am kind of worried about not being able to get a job after I graduate.
Student A Why？ I mean you're doing really well in your classes, aren't you？
Student B I'm doing ok, but the facilities here are so limited. There are some great new experiments in microbiology that we can't even do here…… there isn't enough equipment in the laboratories, and the equipment they have is out of date. How am I going to compete for jobs with people who have practical research experience？ I think the extra tuition will be a good investment.
Narrator The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.
Please begin speaking after the beep.
The woman expresses her opinion of the announcement made by the university president. State her opinion and explain the reasons she gives for holding that opinion.
Preparation time: 30 seconds
Response time: 60 seconds
The woman is in favor of the university's decision to raise the tuition and fee for all students. One of her reasons is that the university needs to hire more faculty members so that class size would be made smaller. She has noticed that the ever-expanding class size has kept students from getting enough personal attention they need. She also agrees that the lack of faculty members has led to the limited opportunity for students to take the courses they are interested in. Besides, she thinks it is highly necessary for the university to be financed to purchase better research facilities so that students would have the opportunity to conduct all the experiments they need to master for their future career.
Narrator Please Listen Carefully
Narrator You may begin to prepare your response after the beep.
Narrator Now listen to a conversation between two students.
Student A Hey Lisa, how's it going？
Student B Hi Mark. Uh, I'm OK, I guess, but my schoolwork is really stressing me out.
Student A Yeah？ What's wrong？
Student B Well, I've got a paper to write, and two exams to study for. And a bunch of math problems to finish. It's just so much that I can't concentrate on any of it. I start concentrating on studying for one of my exams, and then I'm like, how long's it gonna take to finish that problem set？
Student A Wow sounds like you've got a lot more work than you can handle right now. Look have you talked to some of your professors……I mean, you know , try to explain the problem. Look, you could probably get an extension on your paper, or on the math assignment……
Student B You think？ It would give me a little more time to prepare for my exams right now.
Student A Well, I mean another thing that you might do …… I mean have you tried making yourself a schedule？ I mean that's what I do when I'm feeling overwhelmed.
Student B What does that do for you？
Student A Well, I mean it helps you to focus your energies. You know, you make yourself a chart that shows the next few days and the time till your stuff is due and……
Student B Uh-huh
Student A I mean think about what you need to do, and when you have to do it by. You know then start filling in your schedule——like, all right 9:00 to 11:30 A.M., study for exam. 12:00 to 3:00 , work on problem set. But I mean don't make the time periods too long. Like, don't put in eight hours of studying——you know, you'll get tired, or start worrying about your other work again. But if you keep to your schedule, you know you'll just have to worry about one thing at a time.
Student B Yeah, that might work.
Narrator The students discuss two possible solutions to the woman's problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.
Please begin speaking after the beep.
5. The students discuss two possible solutions to the woman's problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.
Preparation time: 20 seconds
Response time: 60 seconds
I would prefer the second solution suggested by the woman in the dialogue because I think studying with certain measure of pressure is good exercise for one's ability to budget and make full use of time. In this way, making effective schedules is very important for it optimizes the distribution of time resource over different study tasks, keeping the learner from spending time irrationally over long periods of low-efficiency work. Also once a schedule is made, by strictly observing it, a learner can avoid any unconscious behavior of procrastination or slacking off, keeping himself energetic in the alternation of different study tasks. Application for an extension on the paper or assignment might be a good idea, but it does not solve the problem eventually. Sooner or later, all the tasks have to be carried out and sometime it's hard to foresee if another test is one the way…