學測、指考英文作文評分標準大公開  -1/2 

作者:英語大師

學測、指考英文作文評分標準大公開

【調查採訪/Charlene Chu】

「如果你可以不用擔心預算,隨心所欲的度過一天,你會怎麼過?」這是98年度大學指考的英文作文題目,看似簡單的題目,全台灣卻無人滿分,甚至有多達6,168名考生抱鴨蛋。而今年的學測英文作文以連環圖畫方式,在第四格留白讓考生自由發揮,全國有2名考生得到滿分20分,但零分的考生也不少,共有15,523人。

其實,想在學測及指考的英文作文上拿高分,並沒有那麼困難。本刊特別為讀者整理「學測與指考英文作文評分」標準,告訴各位如何從閱卷委員手中拿下高分。

     

▍內容引人入勝重於完美文法

以學測英文作文來看,每年得到8、9分的考生居多。由於現在學生的生活背景及接收的資訊差不多,因此看到題目時的反應也大同小異,少有較為創新的想像。沒有吸引人的內容,寫出來的作品都一樣,平穩但缺乏起伏。閱卷委員分數給不上去,所以大多在8到10分之間。

「英文作文分項式評分指標」分別為內容、組織、文法句構、字彙拼字及體例等五大項。作文總分為20分,其中內容、組織各佔5分,文法句構、字彙拼字各4,體例佔2分。從這邊可以看出,一篇作文最重要的就是「內容」,如果一篇作文能讓閱卷委員看完後內心感動,不論文章是從哪種角度切入,內容都會給5分。

內容給完分之後,閱卷委員才會考慮它的組織、結構,通常這兩個都是密不可分。

如果文章的組織不好,連貫性和主旨不夠明確,就看不懂作文的內容;但如果讓閱卷委員看了覺得非常的順暢,就表示你的邏輯思維一定已經夠清楚。

從這幾個角度來看,目前作文教學的趨勢,已經不再是強調文法一定要寫得完全正確;更重要的是:Can you tell a good story? 你能不能講一個動聽的事,不一定是故事,也許是真實的事。重點是,你的文章能不能感動人?

▍句型多變化 小錯誤無傷大雅

至於文法句構怎麼評量呢?首先是句型變化的多寡。如果只有主詞+動詞+受詞這樣簡單的句型從頭用到尾,可見文法運作能力稍微差一點,那分數就不會太高,也許給個2.5、3分;但文章中如果能在文法上使用一些分詞構句以及從屬子句,讓句子看起來更賞心悅目,閱卷委員亦會毫不吝嗇地給予4分。

那萬一不小心看到一兩個錯誤呢?仔細看看「英文作文分項式評分指標」的表格,我們可以發現,在「文法、句構」部分,寫著「幾無文法錯誤」。的確,連英語母語人士都會犯錯,更何況是非英語母語人士呢?如果要求「沒有任何錯誤」也太過嚴苛。

一個人文章寫得非常好,只是不小心第三人稱忘了加s,或者是過去式ed忘了加……等,就這樣被扣分,未免太過嚴苛。其實得滿分的作文不代表就是完美無瑕,仔細看還是會有些小錯誤,但無傷大雅;字彙、拼字亦是同樣的道理。

▍Practice makes perfect

這樣看來,如果平常就能夠多加練習「用手講故事」,並且依照「英文作文分項式評分指標」的標準,不要盲目地發展一些其實比重不高的東西,想在學測及指考的英文作文上拿高分,並非一件難以達成之事。

最重要的,是文章的本質。能夠成功圓滿地講一個故事,有頭有尾,讓閱卷委員看完之後不加思索給高分,就是一篇好作文;反之只要內容不精采,分數就不會太高。因此,英文作文要主題明確、組織清楚,最忌諱亂背亂抄。內容離題了,甚至文不對題,結構、文法……寫得再好也沒用,閱卷委員不會給予同情分,鐵定拿零分。

More Information

大學入學考試中心 http://www.ceec.edu.tw/

學測與指考英文作文評分樣例 http://www.ceec.edu.tw/CeecMag/Articles/142/142-2.htm

邀請多位經驗豐富的閱卷委員對每份試卷進行初、複閱工作,並且與研究小組共同挑選學測與指考評分樣例各9份,撰寫各樣例之得分說明,學測:特優1份、優2份、可3份、差1份、劣2份;指考:特優1份、優1份、可2份、差2份、劣3份。

註:研究人員:劉慶剛(主持人,台北大學)、高照明(台灣大學)、林秀慧(大考中心)、游春琪(大考中心)。

學測英文作文評分樣例

試題:

說明:1. 依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。
    2. 文長120個單詞(words)左右。

提示:請根據以下三張連環圖畫的內容,以"One evening,…"開頭,寫一篇文章,描述圖中主角所經歷的事件,並提供合理的解釋與結局。

樣例

學測編號1:特優-19分

One evening, a man named Kris attended a wedding party. It was held in a luxury hotel, where there were a lot of guests.

Everyone talked lively and happily during the meal, including Kris. Being the best friend of the couple, Kris drank a lots in ecstasy because he felt really happy for them.

Later, Kris excused himself and left the party. He stood on the road, waiting for a taxi. But, unfortunately, he drank too much to stay conscious. Upon seeing a car coming to him, Kris waved his arms immediately, saying “Hey, Taxi!" loudly. Then the car stopped. However, Kris wasn´t aware that was a police car, not a taxi!

Kris couldn´t remember anything that had happened during the drive to the police office.He was waken up by a thunderous sound, “What are you doing? Do you know where it is?" said the police officer. Kris was shocked to death but had no reason for explaination.

About 30 minutes later, Kris was allowed to leave. He was ashamed for his “trip to the police office." He appologized to the police officer for his irrational behavior, and promised that he wouldn´t do it again.

說明:主題明確,內容敘述相當具體且完整。重點分明,組織具連貫性。文句富變化,幾無文法錯誤(第二段第二句中a lots,應為a lot。)。詞彙使用妥適,稍有拼字的錯誤(例:第四段句中的explaination與最後一段中的appologized皆為錯字。)。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

5

5

3.5

3.5

2

19

學測編號2:優-17分

One evening, John was invited to his old friend´s wedding. Meeting so many classmates in university, he became more and more excited. He talked a lot with other, laughed happily, and also, drank a lot.

When it got darker and darker outside, he knew that he had to go home. So much did he drank that he couldn´t even drive home on his own. He then walked on the side of the road and tried to find a taxi to take him home. He waved to the cars, shouted out something, and even ran onto the road with his body turning round. Not long after he did these, here came a car. It stopped in front of him, and he got on the car without hesitation. And soon, he fell asleep.

When he opened his eyes again, he found himself in the police station. To his dismay, he didn´t remember what he had done yesterday. A policeman came up to him and scolded him angrily. He was too embarrassed to look up at him. He really learned a lesson from the impressing mistake.

說明:主題之敘述完整,文意清楚。組織上前後連貫,轉承語使用大致得當;句型雖有變化,文法錯誤少,但仍有用法與拼字錯誤。標點符號亦稍有不當。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

4.5

4

3.5

3.5

1.5

17

學測編號3:優-16分

One evening, I went to one of my friends´ weeding in my black suit. I was happy that he married a nice girl. And I was so excited that I drank too much. On my way home, my head was dazzling and my feet were heavy that I couldn´t walk well. So I gave up walking home, waving my hand to stop a taxi. Though I thought that taxi was strange with the sparking light, I still got into the car and told the driver my address. Then I fell into a deep dream in the taxi. The next morning I woke up, I felt uncomfortable and tried to move my limbs to make myself awake. When I stood up, I found that I was in the police station instead of my bedroom. What happened last night? A policeman pointed at the police car outside and told me “That was the “taxi" you took last night, do you have any problem now?"

說明:主題敘述具體,但內容略嫌不足。句型有變化,偶有文法錯誤。用字尚稱得宜,雖偶有用法與拼字錯誤,但未影響文意之表達。標點符號稍有不當。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

4

4

3.5

3

1.5

16

學測編號4:可-14分

One evening, there was a wedding party at a fancy hotel. The party´s atmosphere was so happy and all people including the guests and the new couples cheered to each other all night. Later, the party was over and every person was much drank.

The night became darker and darker and there was few cars on the streets. One of the guests was about to go home by taxi, but he was so much drunk that he couldn´t even distinguish the taxi between the police car. He hired the police car and took on. The police asked where he lived patiently, but he just kept smiled without saying any words…

The next morning, the man finally awoke, finding himself sitting in the police office. He was shocked. When the police told him the whole thing, he felt so embarrassed.

說明:主題清楚,但部分相關敘述發展不全,有些語意表達不甚清楚。有文法錯誤,然尚未影響整體文意之表達。拼字及用字有誤,影響部分文意之表達。標點使用稍有不當。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

3.5

3.5

3

2.5

1.5

14

學測編號5:可-14分

One evening, a wedding party was held in a beautiful, nice and high-class resturant . A homeless named Paul walked by and was curious to what was happening inside. He was starving, and was looking for a place to take a rest. The music was turned on so loud, and the food were smelling so good. Paul walked in without thinking.

It was a place full of happiness, grace and the most important thing, food. Paul couldn´t stop himself from putting the food in his mouth though his mouth was already full of food. While he was eating, he saw a bottle of wine.

“1989´s Wiskey…" he said with a voice seemed to be desired of alcohol. Paul was once a man that was usually drunk every moment. That´s the reason why he was a homeless. He spent all his money on it. He started to drink, one by one, the bottle were enough to full a pakage!

The man came out and saw him with anger.

“What the hell do you thing you´re doing here?!" the man cried out. He quickly threw Paul out and trying to fix the mass Paul made.

Paul was already drunk. He didn´t know what was he doing, and even where he was.

A police car came by and saw him. Paul thought it was a taxi and trying to stop it. The car stopped and Paul past out very soon on the car. Ten minutes later, Paul woke up with a started. He was in the police station.

These kind of story have happened very often in these day. People who don´t work or have no work are all marking around on the street. This really caused a great society problem. These things should be avoid in our life because we have a group of police who should be working for the people. Having these kind of questions can dissepear soon.

說明:內容與圖意不甚切合,相關敘述發展不全,部分語意不清楚。組織不夠連貫,最後一段偏離主題,與前文所敘述內容不符。文法及拼字錯誤,影響部分文意之表達;標點使用稍有不當。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

3.5

3.5

2.5

2.5

1

13

學測編號6:可-11分

One evening, my brother dressed himself up in order to attend his friend´s weding. When he arrived at the resturant, he came across a classmate who hadn´t connected with him since he graduated from college. My brother was so happy that he drank a large amount of wine.

After the weding, My brother walked along the street and he wanted to take a taxi. Because my brother war drunk, no driver wanted to let him get on the car. Finally, my brother glazed at a car so he raised his hand and got on it. He fell asleep as soon as he sat. When he wake up, he found he was in police station. How terrible he is!

說明:雖點出主題但不夠明顯。敘述發展不完整,未能連貫發展,重點安排欠妥。部分文法、用字、拼字的錯誤,影響文意之表達。標點偶有錯誤。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

3

2.5

2.5

2

1

11

學測編號7:差-6分

One evening, he go to a dinner and eat very much, drink very much.So he has a little醉.When the dime in the end, he will go home by heself.He was walking on the road, and he went to took a taxi.But, he was disunderstanding, he took a police car.And then, the police take he to police局.Next day, at 8:00am, he is disunderstanding, why he will in there?The police is talk him, he was have 喝醉 yesterday.So he is very red-face, and then he just real go home.

說明:雖有主題,但相關敘述未能發展;不但文法錯誤多〈時態前後不一〉,用字、拼字錯誤亦多,嚴重影響文意之表達;字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

1.5

1.5

1

1

1

5

 學測編號8:劣-3分

One evening the man went to attend friend´s marry ceremony, he drinks a lot of wine, and gulp face to host.The host very angry because he so not polite.

He didn´t know himself act so funny, and wave his hand for police car.The policeman took him to police office.

As a result, the man wake up look the policeman, the policeman very angry said, “Were are you".Do you know?Then man said, I don´t know." “Why I am here?"

說明:內容太少,行文不流暢,因文法、用字、拼字錯誤太多,嚴重影響文意表達。字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

1

1

0.5

0.5

1

3

 學測編號9:劣-2分

One evening, a man went to a party.He drinked much CH3COOH and that he felt asleep.When the party was end he want to went home.He took taxi and sleep on the car.What can the driver do?When the man opened his eyes, he saw aand his family.

說明:內容太少,段落發展全無章法。因文法、用字、拼字錯誤多,嚴重影響文意之表達。字數不足,另扣一分。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

1

2

指考英文作文評分樣例

試題:

說明:1. 依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。
    2. 文長至少120個單詞。

提示:請以"Travel Is The Best Teacher"為主題,寫一篇至少120個字的英文作文。第一段針對文章主題,說明旅行的優點,並在第二段舉自己在國內或國外的旅行經驗,以印證第一段的說明。

樣例

指考編號1:特優-19分

Travel Is The Best Teacher

I´ve been to many countries before, and I enjoy my trip very much every time. To me, travel is the best teacher. By traveling, I can always broaden my mind and open my eyes to the things about which I had no idea before; I could also see the things which appeared only in the textbook before and that´s no doubt a wonderful experience.

Last summer, I went to Malaysia with a foundation, I used to consider it to be a poor country, but I was totally shocked at how prosperous it is! So many tall buildings and well-organized communities were right before my eyes! We also had some interaction with the local students. I found their learning attitude very active, which was very different from that of the Taiwanese students.

After my trip to Malaysia, I realized that many countries in Asia are prospering, while Taiwan seems to be going backward. I also remind myself that we should never look down on others, and we should equip ourselves with knowledge and unique perspectives, so that we may be able to be outstanding rather than being overwhelmed by the others. We should be more active in our learning and try to set up our goals.

If I hadn´t been to Malaysia, I wouldn´t have gained so many insights in these things. To me, travel is truly the best teacher.

說明:主題清楚、具體,內容豐富;重點分明、組織完整且連貫。文句結構變化豐富,幾無文法錯誤(稍有時態不一致的錯誤,例第二對的第一句Last summer…foundation後的逗號應為句號。);用字得宜(但第一段第三句中的broaden my mind應為broaden my horizons)。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

5

5

3.5

3.5

2

19

指考編號2::優-17分

When you saw the romantic EiffelTower in the movies, or watched the Great Wall of China on TV, have you ever imagined that you could admire such specific constructions on the sense some day? The advantages of traveling is a lot. First, traveling can make us open our eyes, we can see the senery not through the media, but by ourselves. How wonderful that you can appreciate breathtaking senses just in front of them! Second, with the advanced education, we have known a wide variety of knowledges about many countries. Such as history, climate and even customs, but if we never been the places, it is no use to get so many informations.

During the winter vacation this year, I took a trip to Sigapore with my family. This was my first time to go abroad. In those four days, I learned a lot about this lively country, including saw the famous Merlion, visited the Indian temple … etc. When the guide gave some informations for us at some spots, I could merge them in to the geography class easily, even could answer the questions from the guide. I was proud of that I could use the knowledge in books to the real life!

However, there is a great deal of advantages about traveling, so I sincerely recommend that you should take a travel someday!

說明:主題清楚。組織完整,重點尚分明。文法句構錯誤稍多。但用字、拼字偶有錯誤。

內容
(5分)

組織
(5分)

文法、句構
(4分)

字彙、拼字
(4分)

體例
(2分)

總分
(20分)

4.5

4.5

3

3.5

1.5

17

 

 

Travel Is The Best Teacher

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